Quibell’s Buried in Cemetery located in Newark-On-Trent, Nottinghamshire NG24 1SQ since 1873

Giant flagPoppy Day .... R.I.P to all soulsGiant flagPoppy Day .... R.I.P to all soulsGiant flagPoppy Day .... R.I.P to all soulsGiant flagPoppy Day .... R.I.P to all soulsGiant flagPoppy Day .... R.I.P to all soulsGiant flag

 Major Samuel Boyd Quibell

(1890-1916) Obituary from “The Times” – Major Sam. B. Quibell, 4th East Yorkshire Regiment (T.F.), who died of wounds in France on February 5, was the eldest son of Mr. And Mrs. Oliver Quibell, of Shalem Lodge,Newark. He was educated at the Magnus Grammar School, and the Leys School, Cambridge. On leaving school, he joined his grandfather Mr. J.H. Holmes, the head of the firm of Messrs. Thomas Holmes and Son, tanners, of Hull. He had been in the Cadet Corps at school, and while at Hull obtained a commission in the 4th East Yorkshire Regiment (T.F.) six years ago. He was gazetted captain when 22, and attained his majority on the field, and being only 24 years old was the youngest major in the Territorial Force. He went to the front with his regiment on April 23 and took part in the second battle of Ypres, after which he was the senior officer, the commanding officer and 17 officers of the battalion having been either killed or wounded. He was wounded twice within three weeks. On the first occasion, while helping wounded officers of another regiment to a dressing station, he received a slight wound in the neck. He recovered within a few days, and returned to duty, but soon afterwards he suffered a gunshot wound in the chest, which proved fatal. A brother officer writes :– “We shall miss him greatly, but his cheery example will not leave us, and he will be present to encourage us on to do our bit as he did his. He was cheerful even in our greatest trial, and we feel we must do our utmost to feel the same, although it is most difficult.”

 

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Madam Mayor 1957 – 1958 Kate Amerlia Quibell

First woman Councillor 1935 and  she was the first Lady Mayor of Newark 

She was not re-turn to Newark and is buried in Sussex. The  Quibell’s family many that lived on London Road, Newark-On-Trent, Nottinghamshire and  where are  town cemetery is also located on the same Long London Road. There have been several female Mayors, the first being Kate A Quibell, 1957-58.Kate Amelia Quibell died on 25th May 1975 at age 91 at St George’s Reteat, Ditchling Common Sussex. She was the eldest daughter of George Chandler she was born 12th Feb 1884. She moved to Newark from Surrey in 1905. There are 16 names buried in Newark Cemetery Quibell family list. The first woman Councillor in 1935 and Mayor of Newark was Kate Amelia Quibell 1957. Married at age 21 to Ernest Hall, he died at just age 49, and they had three son’s Noel Quibell a Managing Director of grocery and provision firm in Brighton Sussex, Tom who was lecured at Manchester University, Dr Philip Quibell of challey Sussex. After she gave a lifetime of public service to Newark town and county and voluntary work. In 1935 Kate Amerlia Quibell won a by-election Newark Council first woman Councillor. Ten years late she became a County Councillor and Magistrate. In her 8o’s she moved to Sussex and died on 25th May 1975 at age 91 at St George’s Reteat, Ditchling Common Sussex.

Oliver Quibell Community Infant School, Newark

On the west side of Bowbridge Road and is named after the famous industrialist and former mayor of Newark.

 

Oliver Quibell

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Oliver Quibell

Mayor of Newark 1907-8 and 1908-9

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Buried 

East I 51

Quibell, Eleanor Boyd  Died on 27th December 1920, Age 83 – Lived at Highfield London Road,  – Husband William Oliver

Quibell, John Harvey Died on 18th March 1873,  Age One Year Three Months

Quibell, William Oliver died on 30th August  1897, Age 62 – Lived at Highfield London Road – Wife Eleanor Boyd

East F 46

Quibell, Oliver Buried on 22nd February 1945  Quibell,  Quibell, Elizabeth  Buried on 07th June 1956  Oliver Henry 02 October 1920

East H 47

Quibell, Kathleen Mary Buried on Mary 20th March 1974 Quibell, Alice E M Died on 09th March 1953 Age 79

“Abbywood” London Road, Newark

East L 52

Quibell William Buried on 30th october 1883

Quibell Ann Died on 26th November 1901 Age 89

East

Quibell Ernest Died  on 27th January 1926 Age 49

 Lived Grove Balderton

Newark Cemetery, London Road, Newark-on-Trent

Nottinghamshire NG24 1SQ

 

Newark Cemetery is open all year round  October – March 8am – 6pm

 Spring – Summer  April – September 8am – 8pm

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Laurence Goff Newark

 

This is a privately owned and maintained, not-for-profit, website which is supported privately, the content here is solely the responsibility of Laurence Goff and not of Newark Town Council .

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Our beautiful and historic Newark Cemetery, London Road, Newark, Nottinghamshire NG24 for over 150 years since 1856. This memorial website is my personal views, I have put it together and do not represent Newark Town Council. It dedicated to the thousands of  people for over 150 years.

There were a number of Royal Air Force stations within and around Newark from which several Polish squadrons operated. The highest concentration of commemorations can be particularly found in Newark-On-Trent, Nottinghamshire.  Our local cemetery with nearly 400 that died, and are buried in special plot on the east side. You can park for free at the Main Gate parking lot at Newark Cemetery, It is location on London Road – Elm

Newark Cemetery, Newark, Nottinghamshire NG24 1SQ

Newark Town Council

Newark Town Hall, Market Place, Newark, Nottinghamshire, NG24 1DU.

Nearly 40,000 burial records are available, with a mixture of register scans and computerised records. www.deceasedonline.com/

Deceased Online – research burial and cremation records

Newark Cemetery – Added 7 June 2010

Burials numbered 1 to 37,141 dated 31 December 1856 to 4 March 1997, are available as burial register scans. Subsequent data is only available as full computerised records. Initially, records have been added up to no 39,673 dated 26 March 2010.

Deceased Online

  1. Poppy Day .... R.I.P to all soulsPoppy Day .... R.I.P to all soulsPoppy Day .... R.I.P to all soulsPoppy Day .... R.I.P to all soulsPoppy Day .... R.I.P to all soulsPoppy Day .... R.I.P to all soulsPoppy Day .... R.I.P to all soulsPoppy Day .... R.I.P to all soulsPoppy Day .... R.I.P to all soulsPoppy Day .... R.I.P to all soulsPoppy Day .... R.I.P to all soulsPoppy Day .... R.I.P to all soulsPoppy Day .... R.I.P to all souls

 

The list of Quibell’s that are buried in Newark Cemetery UK To all the family of Quibell’s from 1873 to 1974 that are buried in Newark Cemetery

Ministry of Defence

William Oliver Quibell (1833-1897) Obituary  Mr. William Oliver Quibell was born at Gateford, near Worksop, in 1833 and was therefore nearing his 64th year. His family had been farmers for generations in the Newark area, but he was articled to Mr. Harvey. Eight years later he became a partner in the firm, which was thenceforth known as Harvey & Quibell. The business was originally founded by the late Mr. James SNOW in 1814. On the death of Mr. John HARVEY the style was changed to Quibell Brothers, Mr. Thomas O. Quibell having joined some years previously. Two sons of Alderman Quibell have since entered the business.

The deceased was a Wesleyan Methodist and had filled most of the offices open to a layman in that Church. For a number of years he was a lay reader and a class-leader. He had been Circuit Steward and at the time of his death was district Treasurer of the Foreign Missionary Society. He was elected a representative to the conference held at Bradford in 1878, the first to which laymen were admitted. Three times since, he was one of the 18 laymen chosen by the Conference itself to be members of the Representative Session. To the last, he took the deepest interest in the work of the Church. The new Sunday Schools which the Wesleyans are going to build were constantly in his mind during the last part of his life, and he gladly contributed towards the cost”.

He was for years a prominent member of the School Board of the Board of Guardians, a member of the Town Council and an Alderman. In 1884 he was chosen Mayor. Appointed a J.P. for the Borough some years ago, he frequently attended the Bench, always administering Justice with impartiality and tempering it with mercy.

Since his death, the Town Hall flag has been at half-mast, also those at the Ram Hotel and on other buildings in the town.

Under a memorial window in Barnby-gate Methodist Church is the inscription: “To the glory of God and in loving memory of William Oliver Quibell, Mayor of Newark 1884-5, this window is dedicated by his daughter Eleanor Mary Bainbridge. He was a devout Christian and an earnest Wesleyan Methodist, who served his Church faithfully in every lay office.

Ministry of DefenceEmma and Husband  George Quibell together once again

Ministry of Defence

Oliver Quibell (1863-1945) Oliver Quibell was the eldest son of William Oliver Quibell, above, and Eleanor Boyd Berrie who was born on 27th October 1863 and baptised on 30th November 1863 at Barnby-gate Wesleyan Church.(A pre-school in Bowbridge Road, Newark, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire named after Oliver Quibell the son of William Oliver Quibell.

Ministry of Defence

Mr Oliver Quibell, of Newark, whose relatives lived at Stapleford House Farm, and later at Stapleford Hall

The 16 names of the Quibell family that are buried in Newark Cemetery UK

In Loving Memory of Samuel Boyd Quibell

Ministry of Defence

In Loving Memory of Samuel Boyd Quibell, who died of wound in the 1st World war at age 25. Also his Brother Oliver Henry Quibell Major 4th East Yorks.T.F. Son of Oliver and Elizabeth Quibell Member from the 1st World War of Major Samuel Boyd Quibell died of wound in Germany 5th Feb 1916. His names  on the back of his father Oliver and Mother grave tombstone.

The list of Quibell’s that are buried in Newark Cemetery UK To all the family of Quibell’s from 1873 to 1974 that are buried in Newark CemeteryMinistry of Defence

Ministry of Defence

1916, Plot EF 46, Major Samuel Boyd Quibell died from the 2nd world war of wound in Germany 5th Feb… 1883, Plot EL 52, William died age 78, on the 27th Oct buried 30th Oct 1883 1873, Plot EI 51, John Harvey born 16 Dec 1871, died age 2, on 17th March buried 20th March 1883. Parents of William Oliver and Eleanor Boyd Quibell his father was Mayor of Newark 1884 all three on one monument 1883, Plot EL 52, William died age 78, on the 27th Oct buried 30th Oct 1883 1897, Plot EI 51, William Oliver of Highfied, Mayor of Newark 1884 died age 62 on the 30th Aug buried 1st Sept 1897. Wife Eleanor Boyd, son John Harvey died age two all three on one monument 1901, Plot EL 52, Ann died age 89, 25th Nov buried 28th Nov 1901, husband William 1908, Plot EH 45, Thomas Oliver died age 64 on the 19th Feb buried 22nd Feb 1908 A son Ernest Hall 1916, Plot EF 46, Major Samuel Boyd Quibell died from the 2nd world war of wound in Germany5th Feb 1916. His names is on the back of his father Oliver and Mother grave stone. 1920, Plot EF 46, Oliver Henry died at age 13, on 30th Sept buried 2nd Oct 1920 1920 Plot EI 51, Eleanor Boyd died age 83 on the 27th Dec buried 31st Dec 1920. Husband William Oliver son John Harvey died age two. All three on one monument 1921, Plot EH 45, Sarah Alice died age 72 on the 30th Sept buried 3rd Oct 1921 1926, Plot EH 46, Ernest Hall, born 17th Feb 1876, buried at age 49,

Wife of Ernest Kate Amelia Quibell she moved away when she was in her 80’s to Sussex and died on 25th May 1975 at age 91 at St George’s Reteat, Ditchling Common Sussex. She is not buried in Newark-On-Trent.

 

3rd Oct 1926 Father Thomas, Mother Sarah Alice and Sister Alice,

Wife of Ernest Kate Amelia Quibell eldest daughter of George Chandler she was born 12 Feb 1884. They moved to Newark-On-Trent from Surrey in 1905. Married at age 21 to Ernest Hall, he died at just age 49, and had three son’s Noel Quibell a managing Director of grocery and provision firm in Brighton Sussex, Tom who was lecured at Manchester University, Dr Philip Quibell of challey Sussex. After she gave a lifetime of public service to Newark town and county and voluntary work. In 1935 Kate Amerlia Quibell won a by-election Newark council first woman Councillor and Newark Town Mayor in 1957. Ten years late she became a CountyCouncillor and Magistrate. In her 80’s she moved back to Sussex and died on 25th May 1975 at age 91 at St George’s Reteat, Ditchling Common Sussex

1936, Plot WH 134, Emma Walster Quibell, died 7th March age 85, Husband George Walster Quibell

1937, Plot WH 134, George Walster Quibell, Wife Emma Walster Quibell

1945, Plot EF 46, Oliver Mayor of Newark for 2 years from 1907-1908.

Born 1863 died age 81 buried 22nd Feb 1945 was also JP. Wife Elizabeth Oliver Henry in on the back of his Parents monument died age 13

1953, Plot EH 47, Alice Leavers Maude Quibell born 8th Dec 1873, died age 79 buried 13th March 1953 daughter of Thomes , Sarah Alice and brother Ernest

1956, Plot EF 46, Elizabeth, also Mayoress of Newark 1907-1908,died age 90 4th June buried 7th June 1956. Husband of Oliver and son Oliver Henry died age 13

1974, Plot EH 47 Kathleen Mary, died at age 97 buried 20th March 1974

To all the family of Quibell’s from 1873 to 1974 that are buried in NewarkCemetery.

Kate Amelia Quibell (1884-1975) Kate was the wife of Ernest Hall Quibell (1876-1926) who was a nephew of William Oliver Quibell above. Kate Amelia Quibell was the first woman elected to the Newark Council and became its first woman Mayor in 1957. Kate Amelia married Ernest Hall Quibell on 25th October 1905. The Newark Herald which published a full account of the proceedings which noted .They will reside in Newark at Beaumond House, recently occupied by Mr. Hervey”.

Kate Amelia Quibell died on 25 May 1975 at age 91 at St George’s Reteat, Ditchling Common Sussex. She was the eldest daughter of George Chandler she was born 12th Feb 1884. She moved to Newark from Surrey in 1905. You have 16 names plus one of the Quibell family list I found out I gave Kathleen Mary was not Mayor of Newark. The first woman Councillor in 1935 and Mayor of Newark was Kate Amelia Quibell 1957. Married at age 21 to Ernest Hall, he died at just age 49, and they had three son’s Noel Quibell a Managing Director of grocery and provision firm in Brighton Sussex, Tom who was lecured at Manchester University, Dr Philip Quibell of challey Sussex. After she gave a lifetime of public service to Newark town and county and voluntary work. In 1935 Kate Amerlia Quibell won a by-election Newark Council first woman Councillor. Ten years late she became a County Councillor and Magistrate. In her 8o’s she moved to Sussex and died on 25 May 1975 at age 91 at St George’s Reteat ,Ditchling Common Sussex.

Joseph Oliver Quibell was born in Worksop in 1837. Some time after 1871 he went to the U.S. leaving his family in England. He died in Salam New Jersey on 1 June 1906. His daughter: “Quibell Joseph Oliver of Salem New Jersey America died 1 June 1906. Oliver Quibell (1863-1945) Oliver Quibell was the eldest son of William Oliver Quibell, above, and Eleanor Boyd Berrie who was born on 27th October 1863 and baptised on 30th November 1863 at Barnby-gate Wesleyan Church.

                                                

 

Ministry of Defence

ALL BUT ONE ARE ON THE EAST SIDE,  MOST ARE ON ELM AVENUE SIDE which is on the left from the Main Drive

Ministry of Defence

Elm Avenue side of Newark CemeteryUK.

Ministry of Defence

Quibell’s Buried in Newark-On-Trent  Cemetery  since 1873

E stands for East with letter from the list A-W and the row by numbers.

105_3110 by laurencegoff 105_3120 by laurencegoffMinistry of Defence

 

 

Ministry of Defence

Nottinghamshire: history and archaeology | Brown’s History of

A History of Nottinghamshire by Cornelius Brown (1896)  Highfield House, Newark: Mr. W. Oliver Quibell, J.P. Hill House, Southwell: Mr. J. H. Becher, … http://www.nottshistory.org.uk/Brown1896/art1.htm – 28k –
 
The History of Newark on Trent

The many flowers planted from bulbs 101_1882 by you.

For over 150 years of Newark Cemetery, Nottinghamshire Location with this map He is a partner of Quibell Bros. and Vice President of the Newark Division, from chrome leather residues selling to the photographic industry in the UK & US . Boom during the war and afterwards led to expansion of production.Grove Chemical Co LtdFounded in 1856 the grove chemical works at Appley Bridge mainly produced animal glue, bone meal and tallow. The animal waste processed included some surprisingly exotic beasts including train loads of camels from Egypt!More specialised products were also produced like buttons for the Lancashire garment industry made from sawn bones, and edible gelatine for the food industry.Steam raising from coal fired Scotch Marine Boilers was at the heart of the rendering process. The tall chimneys dominating the site were designed to disperse smoke and objectionables far and wide. But the stacks retained clinker & debris which had to be manually cleared via long suffering operators in bosun’s chairs. Adding yet another twist to the mucky smelly working conditions … Health & Safety inspectors would have had a field day!Large open benzene vats were used in glue production creating hazards for the workmen and equipment.  On the 23rd of August 1921 ‘The Times’ reported – ‘Part of the Grove Chemical works of British Glues & Chemicals Ltd at Appley Bridge near Wigan has been destroyed by a fire which broke out during the weekend. The damage is estimated at £20,000’.Formed in 1902, Tom Walton was the accountant and auditor and young Harold Cotes joined as Works Manager at Newcastle-under-Lyme in 1908.The Board members in 1908 were, left to right, Tom Walton, W Goodwin, Harold J Cotes, William Cotes.North of Market Harborough, Great Bowden village lies on the south-east border of Leicestershire, about sixteen miles from Leicester. A glue factory at Gallow Hill on the western boundary of the parish was owned by Charles Massey & Son Ltd from 1904 until the firm’s amalgamation with British Glues & Chemicals Ltd. in 1920. The factory was still operating in 1959. The buildings lie beside the canal and on the line of the old turnpike road from Harborough to Leicester. The former Gallow Hill Inn, a brick building of the early 19th century, is used as a house and office by the company. (‘Great Bowden’, A History of the County of Leicestershire: Volume 5, Gartree Hundred (1964), pp. 38-49).Meggitts (1917) LtdOriginally established in 1867 in Sutton-in-Ashford, Nottinghamshire.On the 31 Dec. 1919 the 6th Duke of Portland K.G. and his trustees Edward Horsman Bailey, Charles Ludovic Lindsay and Francis Bingham Mildmay sold two pieces of land on Hamilton Road in Sutton-in-Ashfield to Meggitts (1917) Limited, of Sutton-in-Ashfield, consideration, £550; mines and minerals reserved to the vendor and trustees. Plan attached shows the pieces of land lying on either side of Hamilton Road at its junction with Newark Road.Sheffield, Yorkshire – ‘There are a couple of things on the 1905 map of Sheffield that jogged my memory. Salmon Pastures was virtually an island surrounded by the Don and the Royds Mill race. The building at the bottom of the map, identified as ‘Bone Works’, was owned by a company called Meggitts. My Father worked there after leaving school (1921-22) but left to learn a skilled trade elsewhere. They made buttons from the bones and two great uncles and my father’s cousin worked there as bone cutters. I think Meggitts went out of business in the mid to late 1940s. At that time it was run by a Mr. Clements who was also a well known local preacher’.Institute of Chemistry – Journal & Proceedings, 1920 – Edgar Stanley Downes, c/o Messrs Meggitts (1917) Ltd, Sutton-in-Ashfield, Notts. ‘Newark Advertiser’ obituary 1897 – ‘William Oliver Quibell (1833-1897) was born at Gateford, near Worksop, in 1833 and was therefore nearing his 64th year. His family had been farmers for generations in the Newark area, but he was articled to Mr. Harvey. Eight years later he became a partner in the firm, which was thenceforth known as Harvey & Quibell. The business was originally founded by the late Mr. James Snow in 1814. On the death of Mr. John Harvey the style was changed to Quibell Brothers, Mr. Thomas O. Quibell having joined some years previously. Two sons of Alderman Quibell have since entered the business.The deceased was a Wesleyan Methodist and had filled most of the offices open to a layman in that Church. For a number of years he was a lay reader and a class-leader. He had been Circuit Steward and at the time of his death was district Treasurer of the Foreign Missionary Society. He was elected a representative to the conference held at Bradford in 1878, the first to which laymen were admitted. Three times since, he was one of the 18 laymen chosen by the Conference itself to be members of the Representative Session. To the last, he took the deepest interest in the work of the Church. The new Sunday Schools which the Wesleyans are going to build were constantly in his mind during the last part of his life, and he gladly contributed towards the cost.He was for years a prominent member of the School Board of the Board of Guardians, a member of the Town Council and an Alderman. In 1884 he was chosen Mayor. Appointed a J.P. for the Borough some years ago, he frequently attended the Bench, always administering Justice with impartiality and tempering it with mercy.Since his death, the Town Hall flag has been at half-mast, also those at the Ram Hotel and on other buildings in the town.Under a memorial window in Barnby-gate Methodist Church is the inscription: ‘To the glory of God and in loving memory of William Oliver Quibell, Mayor of Newark 1884-5, this window is dedicated by his daughter Eleanor Mary Bainbridge.’ He was a devout Christian and an earnest Wesleyan Methodist, who served his Church faithfully in every lay office.Oliver Quibell (1863-1945) was the eldest son of William Oliver Quibell and Eleanor Boyd Berrie who was born on 27th October 1863 and baptised on 30th November 1863 at Barnby-gate Wesleyan Church. On 9th November 1906 he was appointed a Borough Magistrate. ‘A prominent Liberal and nonconformist, a member of the Education Committee & the Free Library Committee, he has represented the East Ward for three years. He is a partner of Quibell Bros. and Vice President of the Newark Division Liberal Association. In November 1907, and again a year later he was elected Mayor. Kelly’s 1912 Directory lists him as Councillor, E. Ward (retires November 1914) and Magistrate.In 1894 Quibell Brothers, Newark-on-Trent advertised – Liquid and powdered sheep dip, gelatine, soaps & glues.March 8, 1905 – About ten minutes past six on Monday night a fire was found to have broken out at Messrs Quibell Bros’ (Ltd) works, Newark, near the bottom lock. The attention of Mrs Barlow, wife of Mr J. Barlow, foreman of the works, who lives close by, was attracted. Without delay she communicated with Mr Oliver Quibell, who was on the premises, and with all speed a hose, was attached to a hydrant. Information was also conveyed to the police station by means of the telephone, and the fire bell was rung and the brigade summoned. So well had Mr Quibell and his helpers worked that the brigade found the fire well under control and without much difficulty all danger of a conflagration was avoided.In 1912 The British Journal of Nursing reported, ‘The Ideal Homes Exhibition at Olympia, Stand 35a is that of Messrs Quibell Bros Ltd whose Disinfectant Fluid, ‘Kerol’ is attracting such widespread attention owing to its high efficiency and non-toxic properties. To judge from the interesting exhibits of this firm the Stand should be well worth a visit’.Kerol disinfectant, was advertised as the safeguard of the Englishman’s home, manufactured by Quibell Brothers Limited (later Kerol Ltd.). The disinfectant was promoted as being effective against diphtheria, measles, cholera, scarlatina, typhoid, skin irritation (used in bath water), nits, as a gargle for sore throat and as a shampoo. The illustrations showed a well-dressed elderly man in a top hat and bow tie smiling at the bottle of Kerol he is holding in his right hand, orange background behind him. The text is red out of a purple border around it with a white cross inside a circle at the top.Mr Vivian F Suter was born in 1925 and joined Quibell Brothers as a lab assistant at Easter 1941, he was in charge as Works Manager when the Newark Factory was closed and demolished in 1976. He has recently been writing up his personal memories which are a fascinating insight into the factory at Newark … here’s Vivian receiving a certificate from Harry Thompson, Wigan & Newark works director …‘The Quibell’s of Newark’ by Mr G Hemingway, 1980: 76 pages. This typescript publication has a section on The early Quibells of East Markham, Profiles on William Quibell of Newark (1805-1883) and some of his descendants. (It is currently available in the Newark Library, Nottinghamshire and is also in the Nottinghamshire Family History Society library collection)J & T Walker (1917) LtdSeed crushers and tillage merchants.William Lamin – Farming on the Clifton Park System. Before the last war, we had always plenty of bones and kainit to run at, as there was Messrs J & T Walker’s bone works not far away. I may say we had a hundred and sixty tons of steam bone flour the year before the Great War. Slag will do the same; but always get as high a percentage as you can, for it takes no more putting on than a low grade, and don’t forget the kainit for the light land. For our light land we always preferred the kainit and potash salts to sulphate of potash or muriate of potash, as we considered the salts did the land good. We traded with J & T Walker until British Glues bought them and closed the works down.Williamson & Corder LtdA gelatine factory founded by robert williamson and Walter Corder.The factory at Low Walker, Newcastle earned its share of opprobrium.Improved Liquid Glues Co LtdOn 25th May 1948 the Chairman of British Glues & Chemicals, Mr Harold Cotes, laid the foundation stone of Croids new works – Croid’s Glue Factory, Winthorpe Road, Newark.Croda’s Newark factory became the company headquarters for an international network of adhesive manufacturing plants located across Europe, the Americas and Asia Pacific. It is interesting to think that whenever you tear open a Nestle or Cadbury’s chocolate bar, the special food-safe ‘cold-seal’ adhesive which holds the packaging together may well have been produced in Newark by Croda.As with so many of today’s world-beating companies, however, the origins of Croids are humble enough, having been the brainchild of just one man and his innovative ideas about the ways in which glue could be marketed and sold. The company can trace its origins back to 1911 when a Mr P H W Serle registered a company known as Improved Liquid Glues Co Ltd Up until that time almost every kind of glue was sold as a solid, requiring it to be dissolved in water and boiled before use. It was Mr. Serle’s idea to manufacture a range of ready-to-use glues in liquid form, making them easier to apply and instantly attractive to both commercial and domestic users.His factory – the first to make so-called ‘prepared’ glues in this country – was located in Croydon, giving rise to the company’s first trade name, Croids. Mr Serle’s early glues (made in the traditional way from bone and animal hide) proved highly successful and in 1919 when Alcock and Brown became the first aviators to fly nonstop across the Atlantic, their large wood and fabric biplane relied on Croid glues in some of its construction. Such success had already led the company to seek new, extended, premises in Wapping, and in 1920 it became a subsidiary of the large British Glues & Chemicals combine.A year later, a further move brought Croid to Bulwell in Nottingham, followed eight years later by a further relocation to Bermondsey in London. In 1940 the Bermondsey factory was heavily bombed and Croids production was transferred to a site in Newark already owned by British Glues and Chemicals. BG&C had acquired the Newark family glue-making business of Quibell Brothers in 1920. The name Quibells, however, continued to be used for trading purposes until as late as the Sixties. Quibell’s glue factory was located beside the Trent close to the old Bottom Lock, some distance off Winthorpe Road. Part of the premises survive to this day. With the war over and the Bermondsey factory still requiring considerable repair, Croids decided to remain in Newark and develop their site adjacent to the existing Quibell’s factory.A look back at days long goneStuck with town

One of Newark’s foremost industrial companies, Croda Adhesives off Winthorpe Road, celebrates 50 years of trading in the town this month.

Today, Croda’s Newark factory is the company headquarters for an international network of adhesive manufacturing plants located across Europe, the Americas and Asia Pacific. At home, meanwhile, it is interesting to think that whenever you tear open a Nestle or Cadbury’s chocolate bar, the special food-safe ‘cold-seal’ adhesive which holds the packaging together may well have been produced in Newark by Croda.

As with so many of today’s world-beating companies, however, the origins of Croda are humble enough, having been the brainchild of just one man and his innovative ideas about the ways in which glue could be marketed and sold.

The company can trace its origins back to 1911 when a Mr. P. H. W. Serle registered a company known as Improved Liquid Glues Co. Ltd.

Up until that time almost every kind of glue was sold as a solid, requiring it to be dissolved in water and boiled before use.

It was Mr. Serle’s idea to manufacture a range of ready-to-use glues in liquid form, making them easier to apply and instantly attractive to both commercial and domestic users.

His factory – the first to make so-called ‘prepared’ glues in this country – was located in Croydon, giving rise to the company’s first trade name, Croids.

Mr Serle’s early glues (made in the traditional way from bone and animal hide) proved highly successful and in 1919 when Alcock and Brown became the first aviators to fly nonstop across the Atlantic, their large wood and fabric biplane relied on Croid glues in some of its construction.

Such success had already led the company to seek new, extended, premises in Wapping, and in 1920 it became a subsidiary of the large British Glues and Chemicals combine.

A year later, a further move brought Croid to Bulwell in Nottingham, followed eight years later by a further relocation to Bermondsey in London.

In 1940 the Bermondsey factory was heavily bombed and Croids production was transferred to a site in Newark already owned by British Glues and Chemicals.

BGC had acquired the Newark family glue-making business of Quibell Brothers in 1920. The name Quibells, however, continued to be used for trading purposes until as late as the Sixties.

Quibell’s glue factory was located beside the Trent close to the old Bottom Lock, some distance off Winthorpe Road.

Part of the premises survive to this day. With the war over and the Bermondsey factory still requiring considerable repair, Croids decided to remain in Newark and develop their site adjacent to the existing Quibell’s factory.

Building on from the warehouse loaned to them by BGC, Croids began to develop a new factory complex beside the main London-Edinburgh railway line. And it was the foundation stone for this new undertaking which was laid 50 years ago this month on May 25, 1948.

At the stone-laying ceremony the Mayor of Newark (Mr J. H. Knight) described the new building as “making history for Newark” establishing a new permanent home for Croid after its previous wanderings around the country.

The new factory opened a year later in April, 1949, by the then BGC chairman, Mr Harold Cotes.

The Newark Advertiser reported that “The new building has a smart facade of facing bricks with stone dressings – inside there is a terrazo entrance hall off which lead offices and a terrazo staircase to the upper storey where the laboratory is located.”

With the new works in full production the company was reported to be making no fewer than 85 different kinds of glue, each specially formulated for specific purposes – from use in the woodworking and leather industries to commercial packaging and bookbinding.

A new department in the late Forties saw the company experimenting with the first PVA emulsion adhesives which were to become the company’s principal output during the Fifties and Sixties.

Croids played a central role in developing the new PVA adhesive technology, first by buying in the compounds from outside, but later using its own polymers, developed in-house.

A great deal of additional pioneering work into the new processes was carried out in the Newark laboratories leading ultimately to the development of the first hot melt adhesives in the UK.

Another milestone in the company’s history was reached in 1968 when British Glues and Chemicals (including Croid) was taken over by Croda International.

From that time onwards the company has gone from strength to strength in Newark and in 1989 celebrated the opening of its new multi-million pound global headquarters at the Winthorpe Road site in Newark.

From a company which came to the town almost as a refugee in the dark days of the second world war, the Newark offices of Croda now control a network of adhesive manufacturers across the globe from the USA and Canada to Brazil, Belgium, Italy and Australia.

New markets are currently being opened up in China and the Far East, while during 1997 the company’s sales growth in South America was described as spectacular. In Newark, meanwhile, investment in new technology remains the company’s watchword with new plant recently having been installed to produce adhesives for the food packaging industry.

ABOVE: Chairman Mr Harold Cotes laying the foundation stone for Croids new works at Newark, May 25, 1948. BOTTOM: Croids’ new factory complete, April 1949.

The Quibell’s of Newark” by Mr. G. Hemingway, 1980: 76 pages. This typescript publication has a section on The early Quibells of East Markham, Profiles on William Quibell of Newark (1805-1883) and some of his descendants. (It is currently available in the Newark Library, Nottinghamshire and is also in the Nottinghamshire Family History Society library collection)

er owned and maintained, not-for-profit, website which is supported privately, the content here is solely the responsibility of Laurence Goff. It has been dedicated to the thousands of people who final resting place is in our beautiful and historic Cemetery for over 150 years.Newark Cemetery is located on London Road, Newark, Nottinghamshire  off the A1, for over 150 years since 1856. This memorial website is Laurence Goff personal views, I have put it together and do not represent Newark Town Council . It dedicated to the thousands of  people,   they are happy to have a resting place at Newark for all to see and view. Having a means of further promoting Newark cemetery, and encouraging interested people to join the tribute.

 

B G & C FactoriesBritish Glues & Chemicals

In 1920 seven English glue & chemical companies amalgamated with an objective of remaining competitive and resisting the threat of foreign domination by –

spreading best practice 

focusing investment on R&D and modern factory facilities

 organising activities for maximum output, minimum waste, highest quality, lowest cost and best value.

The business strategy was to exploit science & scale economies associated with upgrading the quality of the by-products from the animal carcase … from manure to glue to gelatine …

‘The Weaver Refining Co Ltd’, Acton Bridge was one of the companies merged into ‘British Glues & Chemicals’ which was incorporated on the 10th of May 1920. In 1968 BG&C was acquired by ‘Croda International’  …

The Seven Companies involved were –

1. Charles Massey & Son Ltd –  1815 – Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire, Market Harborough, Leicestershire & Longton, Stoke-on-Trent. Valued @ £301,660. National Archives BT 31/16877/74647 – 1902.

2. Meggitts (1917) Ltd – 1837 – Sutton-in-Ashfield, Nottinghamshire. Valued @ £254,192. National Archives  BT 31/23785/148186 – 1917. BT 31/23785/148188

3. Quibell Brothers Ltd – 1814 – Newark-on-Trent. Valued @ £210,558. National Archives BT 31/16114/60186 GB/NNAF/C109206.  

4. The Grove Chemical Co Ltd – 1856 – Appley Bridge, Wigan. Valued @ £166,927. National Archives BT 31/15452/43227

5. Williamson & Corder Ltd – 1892 – Low Walker, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Valued @ £128,975. National Archives BT 31/16752/72382 – 1902.

6. The Weaver Refining Co Ltd – 1900 – Acton Bridge, Cheshire. Valued @ £102,500. National Archives BT 31/18624/100421 – 1908.

7. J & T Walker (1917) Ltd – 1795 – Bestwood Colliery, Nottingham. Valued @ £95,715. National Archives BT 31/23862/148786 – 1917.

Consenting to act as Directors were –

Walter Shewell Corder* (Chairman) – Williamson & Corder Ltd

Harold John Cotes* (Joint Managing Director) – Charles Massey & Son Ltd

Roger Duncalfe* (Joint Managing Director) – Meggitts (1917) Ltd

William Cotes – Charles Massey & Son Ltd

James Evans Grimditch – Meggitts (1917) Ltd and The Weaver Refining Co Ltd

Edward Hindley – The Weaver Refining Co Ltd

Walter Haworth* – The Grove Chemical Co Ltd

Herbert Haworth – The Grove Chemical Co Ltd

Joseph Oswald Neill* – The Weaver Refining Co Ltd

Ernest Hall Quibell – Quibell Brothers Ltd

Oliver Quibell* – Quibell Brothers Ltd

William Boyd Barrie Quibell – Quibell Brothers Ltd

George Edward Shawcross – Williamson & Corder Ltd

John Deverill Walker* – J & T Walker (1917) Ltd

Tom Walton – Charles Massey & Son Ltd

FCA Secretary, H Tweedale, ACA.

Registered Office – Imperial House, 15-19 Kingsway, London WC2.

* Preference Shareholders £1,000 @ 8%

All Directors held a qualifying 1,000 ordinary shares.

The first accounts were produced on September 27th 1921.

Charles Massey Board

Charles Massey & Son Ltd

The Massey family were originally farmers from Derbyshire who branched out into artificial manures and bones.

In 1863/64 Charles Massey was the Mayor of Newcastle-under-Lyme and in 1876 he was advertising his business at Waterloo Works in Grace’s Guide.

In 1879 Masseys were advertising manures in the Commercial Directory and Shippers Guide and also size and tallow.

In 1881 the company were recruiting a ‘steady  respectable married’ man for the boilers …

In 1891 when Charles Massey died the London Gazette reported the dissolution of the original partnership with his son Henry Boston Massey, who continued running the business until his retirement in 1901/2.

By 1900 the company was confidently endorsing the best steam engines from engineers Brittain & Co, Stoke.

As out put expanded into glues and servicing the pottery industry the company was incorporated in 1902, at Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire. In 1902 The Pharmaceutical Journal: A Weekly Record of Pharmacy and Allied Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain reported the incorporation of the business and sale to W V S G Goodwin and F G Goodwin.

Tom Walton was recruited as the accountant and auditor and young Harold Cotes joined as Works Manager at Waterloo Works, Newcastle in 1904.

Charles Massey

The Board members in the 1908 photo were, left to right, Tom Walton, William Gradwell Goodwin (Chairman), Harold J Cotes, William Cotes.

William V’Alters Summers Gradwell Goodwin (-1942) J P, was the Mayor of Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire, from 1913 to the 1920s.

The Oil & Colour Trades Journal: Volume 57, 1920 – ‘Mr W W S Gradwell Goodwin, Chairman of Charles Massey & Son has beenknighted as one of the New Year’s Honours’, for services to his town, Newcastle-under-Lyme during the war.

More about this eminent Chairman came in 1925 from Whitaker’s Peerage – Sir William V’alters Summers Gradwell Goodwin, Kt. Bach. (1920), JP and CC for Staffs, Mayor of Newcastle-under-Lyme 1913-19: b 1865 Res, Red Heath, Silverdale, Stoke-on-Trent; Westwood Manor, Wetley Rocks, Stoke-on-Trent.

By 1912, Kelleys described the company as a chemical works in addition to Waterloo Works, there was a bone calcining mill at Sideway Mill, Longton, Stoke-on-Trent and offices at Glebe Buildings Stoke-on-Trent; 5 Milk Street, London EC and 36 Spring Gardens, Manchester. And Eilbecktal, Hamburg … & they had taken over a factory at Market Harborough …

In 1916 the company purchased, Sideway Mill, Longton, as a bone grinding mill.

In 1963 ‘Longton, A History of the County of Stafford’ by William Page records the history of Sideway Mill –

‘Before 1212 the Lord of Longton, granted the Cockster-Longton Brook and the adjoining bank to the priory of Trentham ‘to the use of the mill upon the heath’. Between 1277 and 1292 the priory was given the right to erect a mill anywhere within the manor of Longton and this mill may have been in place of the first. Nothing more is known of Longton mill until 1600 when a water mill was owned by John Hunt and then in 1774 it was bought by the Revered Obadiah Lane. The mill was worked by Obadiah Lane and Ambrose Smith as partners in flint-grinding. It was sold  in 1778 to Sir John Edensor Heathcote. Later Richard Edensor Heathcote leased a flint mill and cottage in Longton to William K Harvey in 1847 on a 21 year lease. In 1867 John Edensor Heathcote leased the mill to James and Alfred Glover, who continued to use it to grind flint. In 1882 they surrendered the lease of the mill, by this date called Longton Old Mill, and it was immediately leased to Thomas and George Bakewell for ten years. By this date a drying kiln had been built there. The mill was leased in 1899 to Messrs J and E J Froggatt for five years. A further lease to the Froggatts for a period of seven years was made in 1904. The mill was sold in 1916 to W V S Gradwell Goodwin by J H Edwards Heathcote. By this date it was known as Sideway Mill (and occupied by Charles Massey & son Ltd). Since 1920 the mill has been worked by British Glue and Chemicals Ltd as a bone mill. It is situated on the Longton Brook in the southwest of Longton at the junction of Poplar Lane and the bridle road from Longton to Hanford. There was formerly a large mill pool east of the mill which survived until at least 1898. The mill was still using water power until soon after the Second World War when the large water wheel, which was of the overshot type, was removed. Steam power also was used from at least 1930. The mill is now run by electricity’.

Market Harborough Factory‘Great Bowden’, A History of the County of Leicestershire: Volume 5, Gartree Hundred (1964) –

North of Market Harborough, Great Bowden village lies on the south-east border of Leicestershire, about sixteen miles from Leicester. The glue factory at Gallow Hill on the western boundary of the parish was owned by Charles Massey & Son Ltd from 1908 until the firm’s amalgamation with British Glues & Chemicals Ltd in 1920. The buildings lie beside the canal and on the line of the old turnpike road from Harborough to Leicester. The former Gallow Hill Inn, a brick building of the early 19th century, was used as a house and office by the company. 

The factory was still operating as part of the J G Pears group … and still experiencing the old industry problems of smells and irate neighbours … The Lutterworth Mail reported a fire at rendering plant on Monday 6 September 2010 –

‘A machine caught fire at a rendering plant on the outskirts of Harborough on Saturday. Fire crews from the town and several pumps from other stations were called out to J G Pears in Leicester Road at about 5.30pm. Sparks from a hammer unit were believed to be the cause of the blaze, which spread to a machine. Fire fighters used two jet reels and two breathing apparatus to put out the flames.  The factory has been embroiled in a long-running controversy over bad smells being emitted from the site. Fed-up people living nearby, on the A6 near the McDonald’s roundabout, have complained to Harborough District Council about the smell which prompted the council to issue a warning letter to the company in 2008. JG Pears started operating at the Gallow Hill site in 2003 and it was previously the site of a glue factory. The company receives animal fat and bones from butchers’ shops and meat processing plants to be rendered so it separates into animal fat for use in soap and into meat and bone meal for pet food’.

Meggitts

Meggitts (1917) Ltd 

 Originally established in 1837, Samuel Meggitt (1812-??) was trading in 1839 at 36 Sycamore Street, in 1841 at 97 Duke Street, Sheffield, in 1856 at effingham road. Specialising in polished bone, horn and metal shirt buttons. By 1876 Samuel Meggitt & Sons, were at Sheffield Bone Mills, Effingham Road, Sheffield, and at Denaby, Mexborough, Rotherham, and at Hamilton Road, Sutton-in-Ashfield, Nottinghamshire (see Trade Directories).

The enterprising meggitt family bone business was started by Samuel of Sheffield. His five sons entered the business. The eldest son William Thomas (1837-) started a business in Sutton-in-Ashfield, the second son Samuel (1849-) stayed in Sheffield, the youngest Arthur (1854-) started up in Denaby, Mexborough, Rotherham and the other two Joseph (1850-) & Harry (1853-) moved to Sutton-in-Ashfield where the Bone Manure business was a particular success. 

A trawl of the newspapers told an interesting story. An early report in 1850, when the company was still at Duke Street, concerned a con-trick as a couple of wide boys were trying it on. Perhaps it indicates that even in the early days Meggitts had earned a respectable reputation. Another report in the same year confirmed rogues and vagabonds were stealing bones. The name Roberts’ was also indentified as Samuel Meggitts’ partner?   In 1857 the business advertised imported guano. Nitrate of Soda was an effective fertilizer, was commonly imported as guano from the coastal islands of Peru, Africa, Chile, and the West Indies. Guano was dried excrement of sea birds and bats; it contains about 6% phosphorus, 9% nitrogen, 2% potassium and moisture. Mixed with feathers and bones and it was an excellent fertilizer (Wikipedia).

By 1859 Meggitts were offering their customers alternative tillage for their fields … ground bones. In 1860 the business was thriving and expert help was recruited to help with production. The 1871 offering was a better substitute for ground bones as the battle with rising prices raged. The ‘substitute’ was probably a superphosphate which was becoming popular around this time. Meggitts Factory Sutton in Ashfield

The 1871 Trade Directories included new Meggitt adverts.

Samuel was a staunch Wesleyan and by 1862 as a successful business man he was fully immersed in Sheffield social life.

In 1866 embezzlement and in 1871 common theft suggested there was always something that was interrupting the smooth flow of business.

By 1876 Samuel Meggitt’s experience and nous was further in demand this time by the Universal Permanent Building Society.

A bundle of papers from 1873-1898 has survived from the Duke of Portland’s estate relating to Samuel Meggitt & Sons Ltd. 73items of paper & linen provide interesting bits of local history, as Samuel and his son William Thomas struggled with expansion of the bones & tillage business in Mansfield and the inevitable indictments concerning pollution of the water courses!

A company advert appeared in the Commercial Directory and Shippers Guide in 1879.

In 1881 a letter to the newspaper from the Denaby Main Collier Manager identified another of the problems the Meggitt business was facing … excessive freight rates!

1881 Kelly’s directory of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire lists – Samuel Meggitt & Sons, Exchange Row, Mansfield; offices & works, Sutton-in-Ashfield; & at West Stockwith, Gainsborough.

The company’s incorporation in 1893 was reported in The Chemical Trade Journal and also announced in The Sheffield Independent – the directors were –

Samuel Meggitt (1849), Joseph B Meggitt (1850), Harry A Meggitt (1853), Arthur C Meggitt (1854), William M Meggitt (1860), George T Meggitt (1862). Inevitably some of the Meggitts weren’t suited to the glue trade and went elsewhere, but Samuel (1812) would have been well pleased with this array of talent.

In 1896 a horrible accident was reported at the factory, health and safety were perpetual preoccupations.

 In the same year the company was raising funds with a new issue. The prospectus summarised the company history & success –

Manufacturers of Fine Glues and Gelatines, Bone Crushers and Chemical Manure Manufacturers, Button Manufacturers, Cake and Seed Merchants and Agricultural Factors; Sutton-in-Ashfield and Effingham Road. Established in 1837 by the late Samuel Meggitt and registered as a Joint Stock Company in 1893. Current sales growth 73%. At the principle Sutton Factory an additional 6½ acres of land has been purchased. Capital for further extension of the business is now required.

By 1900 it seemed the company was into fine glues & gelatines at Sutton-in-Ashfield and doing well.

The company issued new debentures in 1900 accompanied by enthusiastic business reports? The report indicated that in 1897 the glue & gelatine business of Messrs Bindley & Son of Smethwick had been purchased and production transferred to Sutton. Perhaps ominously the proceeds were to be used to pay of debts and fund working capital …

It all went horribly wrong. In 1902 Mr Joseph Bloom Meggitt went bust.

The Stock Exchange Year Book of 1908 reported Samuel Meggitt & Sons of Hamilton Road, Sutton-in-Ashfield was registered on 18th August 1903, in a reconstruction of a company of similar title, carrying on business as glue, grease and manure manufacturers. The old company was liquidated and a new company rose from the ashes with an impressiveprospectus. The Directors were James Neill, Steel Manufacturer; Thomas Townrow, Corn Miller; and Charles William Kayser, Manufacturer … a trio of local business men, who sensed the inherent value of the Meggitt business and vowed to do better … ?

Furthermore in 1903 The World Paper Trade Review noted Samuel Meggitt (Sheffield), Ltd had been registered to carry on the business of manufacturers and dealers in bone buttons, bone studs etc. The Sheffield Telegraph also reported the formation of the new company with Mr Samuel Meggitt as Managing Director. It appeared the Meggitt business had been split into two companies by the receiver in 1902 with different locations and specialisations, bone products at Sheffield and manures & glues at Sutton-in-Ashfield. And Samuel had escaped bankruptcy and emerged as head of the new company!

By 1904 Joseph Bloom Meggitt had been discharged and no doubt retired gracefully to Wales. However a year earlier a far worse fate had overtaken Arthur Cockayne Meggitt … the other Meggitt children ended up all over the world seeking new fame and fortune … New Zealand, South Africa, Canada, China, India and Australia …

But what happened to Samuel and the Effington Road business? It seemed this branch of the family fared better than the Mansfield crowd. Samuel Meggitt made an admirable living out of the original Sheffield business until 1951 when the company was voluntarily wound up!

Meggitts Fire 1912

Hector Marsh remembers his childhood in Sutton-in-Ashfield, Nottinghamshire … a piece of oral history about a small town in England 100 years ago. It was written in 1982 when he was 81. Included was an incident at the bone mill –

‘I remember the occasion when Meggitt’s Bone Mill caught fire. It was a huge blaze. We were amongst a lot of people viewing the fire when we were forced a long way back by the Police. They said there was a big tank containing some sort of liquid which, if it became ignited, would cause a terrific explosion. We, of course, gave it a wide berth, and, fortunately, it didn’t happen, but a lot of damage was done’.

Factories are dangerous places and again in 1904 Meggitts had its share of tragic grief when young 21 year old Florrie Gregory lost her life …

Meggitt’s Sheffield operation was also remembered during one of those memorable sessions of internet chat –

‘There are a couple of things on the 1905 map of Sheffield that jogged my memory. Salmon Pastures was virtually an island surrounded by the Don and the Royds Mill race. The building at the bottom of the map, identified as ‘Bone Works’, was owned by a company called Meggitts. My Father worked there after leaving school (1921-22) but left to learn a skilled trade elsewhere. They made buttons from the bones and two great uncles and my father’s cousin worked there as bone cutters. I think Meggitts went out of business in the mid to late 1940s. At that time it was run by a Mr Clements who was also a well known local preacher’.

In 1907, L Lindley in ‘History of Sutton-in-Ashfield’ noted, ‘Messrs Samuel Meggitt and Sons, Ltd., manufacturers of fine glues and gelatine: Hamilton Road, Sutton-in-Ashfield; established 1837; number employed, 65 males, 65 females’.

In 1911 White’s Directory listed Samuel Meggitt at The Bone Mills, Effingham Road, Sheffield.

The new owners at Sutton were not immune from difficulties and the plague of fire reappeared in 1912 …

In 1917 S Meggitt & Sons Ltd were taken over by the controller of enemy businesses and a new company Meggitts (1917) Ltd was formed. The Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry recorded in 1918 – ‘Samuel Meggitt & Sons, Ltd – In the Chancery Division on July 16, Mr Justice Younger heard the petition of the Board of Trade, under the Trading with the Enemy (amendment) Act 1916, for the winding up of Samuel Meggitt & Sons, Ltd. Mr J Austin Cartwell (for The Board of Trade) said the company was formed in 1903 to take over an earlier company in Nottingham, the business being that of chemical manure manufacturers. For a time the new company was successful, but in 1912 the business declined and in 1913 a German group, through a Belgian firm, obtained a controlling interest in it. The Board of Trade came to the conclusion that this was a company which fell within the terms of the Act of 1916, and ordered that the business should be wound up. This had now been done and the whole of the assets realised and the debits provided for. A new company, purely English, had been formed to take over the business under the title of Meggitts (1917) Ltd. His Lordship made the order’.

In 1917 The Oil & Colour Trades Journal: Volume 52 announced the new company – Meggitts (1917), Ltd – Reg No 148,186 – (r.c.) £100,000. (v) £1 … (o) manure manufacturers and merchants, bone crushers and merchants, glue and grease manufacturers and merchants, etc, … (d) R Duncalfe, Forge Mills, Bestwood Colliery, Nottingham; J E Grimditch, V H Poynter, E H Quibell, and G A Shankland. Dividends, Reports, Meetings, &c.

The new company was a pioneering forerunner of British Glues & Chemicals, the purpose was to counter German dominance of an important sector of the British chemical industry. D W F Hardie, in his review of the history of the chemical industry in 1966, explained the position –

‘The object was to present a united front against any German attempt to regain control of the glue & gelatine industry, which had been exercised pre-war through S Meggitt & Sons, which had been taken over in 1917 by the Controller of Enemy Businesses and sold to the group.’

The Directors of the new company were all significant players. Roger Duncalfe was from J & T Walker, up the road at Bestwood, and later became Chairman of BG&C. James Evans Grimditch was a butcher, founder of the Anglo American Cattle Products Company, a partner in The Weaver Refining Company and later a Director of Smithfield Animal Products Company. Ernest Hall Quibell was from Quibell Brothers in Newark and a future director of BG&C. George Archibald Shankland was from the old Meggitts company and destined to launch his own company G A Shankland Ltd a few years later. And Vernon Hamilton Poynter was a Director of John Knights of Silvertown, tallow renderers & soap makers and later in 1920 was also a Director of Smithfield Animal Products Company with James Grimditch. William Lever held a stake in Knights from 1913 and held full control by 1920. Meggitts, Smithfield and Knights had important interconnections with BG&C apart from V H Poynter; Charles Wilson explained the situation at Knights –

‘Both supplies and sales centred on London. In the early days most of Knight’s supplies came from London butchers – ‘our butchers’ – to whom on occasion the firm was willing to lend money. The trade was not elegant and local authorities relegated the carting of tallow, along with sewage, to the hours of darkness. No department of the business was more important than raw material buying: raw materials formed a large part of the cost of soap and largely determined its selling price. Soap makers were therefore in a mood to listen to any proposals for cooperation in the trade which would relieve their difficulties. In the scramble for supplies, the soap makers were less happily placed than the food manufacturers’.

The rationalisation of the industry was underway …

On the 31 Dec 1919 the 6th Duke of Portland KG and his trustees Edward Horsman Bailey, Charles Ludovic Lindsay and Francis Bingham Mildmay sold two pieces of land on Hamilton Road in Sutton-in-Ashfield to Meggitts (1917) Limited, of Sutton-in-Ashfield, consideration, £550; mines and minerals reserved to the vendor and trustees. Plan attached shows the pieces of land lying on either side of Hamilton Road at its junction with Newark Road.

In 1920 a new company was announced. The Chemist & Druggist: Volume 92, 1920 – Smithfield Animal Products Company. Objective: to carry on, among other things, the business of manufacturers of and dealers in animal or poultry foods and medicines, manufacturing chemists, manufacturers of meat and other extracts, glue, gelatine, etc. The first directors are: J E Grimditch, A E Pitt, A Dalley, and V H Poynter. Head Office: Marshgate Lane, Stratford.

In 1920 The Institute of Chemistry, Journal & Proceedings noted the address of Edgar Stanley Downes, as c/o Messrs Meggitts (1917) Ltd, Sutton-in-Ashfield, Notts.

An interesting obituary appeared in the journal of the Institute of Chemistry of Great Britain & Ireland in 1933 –

‘Arthur John Shelton died at Minas de Rio Tinto, Spain, on 17th November, 1932, in his 55th year. Educated at the Mathematical School, Rochester, and at the Central Technical College, he obtained the diploma of Associate of the City of Guilds of London Institute in 1896 and continued in organic research for a year. In 1905 he held an appointment with Messrs Meggitt & Sons, Ltd, Glue Manufacturers, at Sutton-in-Ashfield’.

In 1944 the Journal of the Royal Institute of Chemistry reported –

‘Loxley Meggitt, who died in May, at Auckland, New Zealand, in his 71st year, was trained at University College, Nottingham, and became assistant, in turn, to F T Addyman, A H Allen and M J R Dunstan, Fellows, and after qualifying as an Associate of the Institute became technical and analytical chemist to Samuel Meggitt & Sons, Ltd, of Sutton-in-Ashfield, glue, gelatine and manure manufacturers. In 1903 however he became manager of the works of the Co-operative Wholesale Society, Ltd, at Sydney, NSW, and in 1918 became manager of James Barnes, Ltd, of Alexandria, Sydney, NSW, manufacturers of linseed oil and cake, stearine, glycerine etc. In 1920 he devoted his attention to fruit growing before retiring to New Zealand in 1932. He was elected an Associate of the Institute in 1895 and a Fellow in 1901′.

The Brown Family Box

A wonderful family story of life at Meggitts has been provided by David Brown, who discovered family treasures in an old tin box commemorating the Jubilee of the Co-operative Wholesale Society, 1863-1913.

 Great grandfather Tom and granddad Ted both worked for Meggitts at Sutton-in-Ashfield … it seems Meggitts were enterprising employers of skilled operators and craftsmen …

 

Quibell Brothers Ltd

In 1874 a new company appeared on the Newark scene. William Oliver Quibell (1833-1897) and Thomas Oliver Quibell (1844-1908) were in business as Chemists & Druggists, Cake & Tillage Merchants, Coal Merchants, Manufacturers of Chemical Manures and seed merchants.   

The Quibell family of Newark were of local renown.

An earlier company involving James Snow & John Harvey was dissolved in 1848 and John Harvey then went into partnership with his protégé apprentice William Quibell, as Harvey & Quibell.

The ‘Newark Advertiser’ told the story in an obituary in 1897 –

 ‘William Oliver Quibell (1833-1897) was born at Gateford, near Worksop, in 1833 and was therefore nearing his 64th year. His family had been farmers for generations in the Newark area, but he was articled to Mr Harvey. Eight years later he became a partner in the firm, which was thenceforth known as Harvey & Quibell. The business was originally founded by the late Mr James Snow in 1814. On the death of Mr John Harvey the style was changed to Quibell Brothers, Mr Thomas O Quibell having joined some years previously. Two sons of Alderman Quibell have since entered the business. The deceased was a Wesleyan Methodist and had filled most of the offices open to a layman in that Church. For a number of years he was a lay reader and a class leader. He had been Circuit Steward and at the time of his death was district Treasurer of the Foreign Missionary Society. He was elected a representative to the conference held at Bradford in 1878, the first to which laymen were admitted. Three times since, he was one of the 18 laymen chosen by the Conference itself to be members of the Representative Session. To the last, he took the deepest interest in the work of the Church. The new Sunday Schools which the Wesleyans are going to build were constantly in his mind during the last part of his life, and he gladly contributed towards the cost. He was for years a prominent member of the School Board of the Board of Guardians, a member of the Town Council and an Alderman. In 1884 he was chosen Mayor. Appointed a JP for the Borough some years ago, he frequently attended the Bench, always administering Justice with impartiality and tempering it with mercy. Since his death, the Town Hall flag has been at half-mast, also those at the Ram Hotel and on other buildings in the town. Under a memorial window in Barnby Gate Methodist Church is the inscription – ‘To the glory of God and in loving memory of William Oliver Quibell, Mayor of Newark 1884-5, this window is dedicated by his daughter Eleanor Mary Bainbridge.’ He was a devout Christian and an earnest Wesleyan Methodist, who served his Church faithfully in every lay office’.

Oliver Quibell (1863-1945) was the eldest son of William Oliver Quibell and Eleanor Boyd Berrie who was born on 27th October 1863 and baptised on 30th November 1863 at Barnby Gate Wesleyan Church. On 9th November 1906 he was appointed a Borough Magistrate –

‘A prominent Liberal and nonconformist, a member of the Education Committee & the Free Library Committee, he has represented the East Ward for three years. He is a partner of Quibell Bros. and Vice President of the Newark Division Liberal Association. In November 1907, and again a year later he was elected Mayor. Kelly’s 1912 Directory lists him as Councillor, East Ward (retires November 1914) and Magistrate’.

Quibell's Barley Manure

By the early 1900s quibell’s barley manure was a particular favourite.

1905, March 8 – ‘About ten minutes past six on Monday night a fire was found to have broken out at Messrs Quibell Bros’ (Ltd) works, Newark, near the bottom lock. The attention of Mrs Barlow, wife of Mr J Barlow, foreman of the works, who lives close by, was attracted. Without delay she communicated with Mr Oliver Quibell, who was on the premises, and with all speed a hose, was attached to a hydrant. Information was also conveyed to the police station by means of the telephone, and the fire bell was rung and the brigade summoned. So well had Mr Quibell and his helpers worked that the brigade found the fire well under control and without much difficulty all danger of a conflagration was avoided’.

Quibell CartThe North East Midland Photographic Record has some great pictures. One was of an original Quibell cart! The side of the cart read ‘Quibell Brothers Ltd Newark’, with the cart designated ‘no. 5’ on the underside. Was this a collection cart for supplies of raw bones or more interestingly a sheep dipping cart? Quibells manufactured sheep dips and The Pastorialist’s Review published an account of a visit to the factory in 1908. The report mentioned the provision of an equipment service which consisted of a dipping bath which was carried on a horse drawn cart, the cart itself was a portion of the apparatus which acted as a drainer after the immersion of the sheep. All part of Quibell’s product innovations.

At the time the Quibell business produced a range of agricultural interests apart from sheep dips … animal feed merchants, bone crushers & chemical manure manufacturers. The business was located at Castlegate adjacent to the castle itself. Another old photo pinpointed the position of the factory.  

Quibell Bros Kerol

In 1912 The British Journal of Nursing reported – ‘The Ideal Homes Exhibition at Olympia, Stand 35a is that of Messrs Quibell Bros Ltd whose Disinfectant Fluid, ‘kerol‘ is attracting such widespread attention owing to its high efficiency and non-toxic properties. To judge from the interesting exhibits of this firm the Stand should be well worth a visit’.

kerol disinfectant, was advertised as the safeguard of the Englishman’s home, manufactured by Quibell Brothers Limited (later Kerol Ltd.). The disinfectant was promoted regularly and claimed to be effective against diphtheria, measles, cholera, scarlatina, typhoid, skin irritation (used in bath water), nits, as a gargle for sore throat and as a shampoo. One illustration showed a well-dressed elderly man in a top hat and bow tie smiling at the bottle of Kerol he is holding in his right hand, orange background behind him. The text is red out of a purple border around it with a white cross inside a circle at the top.

After the formation of BG&C in 1920, a new company, Kerol Ltd, was formed in 1921 to take over the business of makers of sheep and cattle dips, disinfectants, toilet and medicinal preparations carried on by Quibell Bros, Ltd, together with the right to use the trade marks ‘Kerol’ ‘Fumiform’ ‘Novol’ and ‘Quibell’ and to enter into a deed of assignment and covenant with Quibell Brothers Ltd (vendors), O Quibell, W E B Quibell, E H Quibell and T H Lloyd.

Ernest Hall Quibell (1876-1926) died in Newark in 1926; a significant event which was reported in the Nottingham Evening Post …

Like all other factories handling potentially hazardous materials, Quibells had their share of problems, as The Times reported in 1927. However profitable companies with trained motivated staff were better able to cope and invest in Health & Safety procedures; well done William Lloyd and Frank Boot. At Quibells, safety was never seen as an alternative to profit but as a contributing factor.

Quibells Factory 2002

In 2002 John Sutton provided a splendid photo of the remains of Quibell’s factory on the other side of the Trent from under Fiddlers Elbow Bridge from 1915. He recalls the factory began in the 1860s as a manufacturer of bone fertiliser, cattle cake and sheep dip, later branching out into glue and cosmetics as part of British Glues and Chemicals.

In Michael Vanns’ book ‘The Railways of Newark-on-Trent’ (Oakwood Press), Sid Rising recalled working as a 15-year-old railwayman in 1943, ‘I started taking the numbers of the wagons in the sidings of Quibell’s factory which processed animal hide and skin into cosmetics. The wagons were loaded with rotting meat and bones which were accompanied by thousands of maggots and a pungent smell. Taking numbers consisted of walking on a carpet of maggots, stamping your feet to scare away any rats, tucking your hand lamp under your arm and holding your breath for quite a few minutes. This was quite an experience on a dark winter’s morning and perhaps one of the main reasons the lady number takers did not work these hours’.

Vivian SuterMr Vivian F Suter was born in 1925 and joined Quibell Brothers as a lab assistant at Easter 1941, he was in charge as Works Manager when the Newark Factory was closed and demolished in 1976. He has recently been writing up his personal memorieswhich are a fascinating insight into the factory at Newark … here’s Vivian receiving a certificate from Harry Thompson, Wigan & Newark works director …

‘The Quibells of Newark’ by Mr G Hemingway, 1980. This typescript publication has a section on The early Quibells of East Markham, Profiles on William Quibell of Newark (1805-1883) and some of his descendants. (It is currently available in the Newark Library, Nottinghamshire and is also in the Nottinghamshire Family History Society library collection)

Appley Bridge WorksGrove Chemical Co Ltd

Founded by the haworth family in 1856, the Grove Chemical Works at Appley Bridge, Wigan produced animal glue, bone meal and tallow. The site was on the famous Leeds & Liverpool Canal which stretched over a distance of 127 miles, there were 91 locks as it crossed the Pennines before it linked into the Liverpool docks system.

The 1881 edition of Worrall’s Wigan & District Directory, indentifies The Appley Bridge Chemical & Manure Works.

By 1893 under the guidance of Herbert Haworth, senior partner, and his brother Walter, junior partner, The Gove Chemical Co and their Crown Works, at Appley Bridge had established a formidable reputation. An article in The Worlds Paper Trade Review confirmed that ‘Appley Bridge glue and size making is well understood and efficiently carried out …’

In 1895 The Chemist & Druggest reported the  incorporation of the Haworth business. 

A snippet from 1898 in The Worlds Paper Trade Review revealed –

‘The Grove Chemical Co Ltd of Crown Glue Works, Appley Bridge, near Wigan, advise us of a change in their Manchester address. Their offices have been removed from 20 Cross Street to 71 Haworth’s Buildings, Cross Street’.

Grove Chemical CompanyBy 1899 the same journal reported –

‘The Grove Chemical Co Ltd – The specialities of this firm, owing to their reliable quality, have obtained an excellent reputation amongst papermakers and others. The growth of the business, under the management of Messrs Haworth, have necessitated larger works, and new buildings have lately been erected in order to meet the growing demand for the firm’s make of glue’.

Also in 1899 The Crown Works of The Grove Chemical Company at Appley Bridge were applying science to the manufacture of size and exploiting the latest technology to provide their customers at the paper mills with high quality products at low cost. The World’s Paper Trade Review reported that competition for patented technology was fierce.

Russ Mason’s family had connections with the Apply Bridge Works, just about everyone in his family worked there, between them they accumulated 358 years of service. In the late 1960s Croda published a two page  tribute to ‘the Masons’ as a centre spread in one of their pamphlets / house magazines, a copy was recently unearthed by Russ from some dusty archive … what a treasure of family history …

Here are some of the Mason memories –

 Russ’ dad, Sydney, worked for 16 years at Appley Bridge until 1957. He took the photo of the factory in the 1930s from a glass plate found at the back of an old drawer in the plant office during a visit just before it was demolished in 19??. He also remembers Bill Rigby who worked in the boiler room at the ‘Bone Works’ until he retired around 1965. He worked with a fellow by the name of Len Edley who was tragically killed on the job. Bill had a brother Jack Rigby who worked in the stores department. There were 97 workers at the works in the fifties including several Rigbys. Up until 1920 Sydney thought that the factory was owned by the banks before it was bought by the group of BG&C investors.

The animal waste processed included some surprisingly exotic beasts including train loads of camels from Egypt! More specialised products were also produced like edible gelatine for the food industry and buttons for the Lancashire garment industry made from sawn bones.

steam raising from coal fired Scotch Marine Boilers was at the heart of the rendering process. The tall chimneys dominating the site were designed to disperse smoke and objectionables far and wide. But the stacks retained clinker & debris which had to be manually cleared via long suffering operators in bosun’s chairs. Adding yet another twist to the mucky smelly working conditions … today’s Health & Safety inspectors would have had a field day!

Russ’ granddad, Little Bert, started working at the plant in 1900 and remained there for 48 years. Around 1920 he was offered a Directorship for an investment of £100. A lot of money in those days which he did not have, so he ended up working on the benzene ‘ponds’ which were used for cooling the glue pellets. These were large open vats that were a considerable hazard for both the workmen and equipment. 

On the 23rd of August 1921 ‘The Times’ reported that a fire at Appley Bridge caused damage estimated at £20,000.

Of course industrial accidents were not confined to bone works. Russ remembers Charlie Haywood got killed in an industrial accident at the Lino Works just down the road from the ‘Bone ‘ole’, the Appley Bridge nick name for BG&C factory.  The ‘Lino Works’ was formed in 1898, the business of Thomas Witter and Co Ltd, manufacturers of floor cloth and linoleum. In 1924 the company was bought by Rylands & Sons of Manchester. In 1932, an agreement was made between Rylands and the S.A. des Papeteries de Genval, Belgium, manufacturers of felt base floor coverings. Each took an equal holding in Witter, and a paper mill and felt base factory were opened in addition to the existing linoleum works. In 1953, Rylands sold all but 5 per cent of its interest to the Belgian concern.

Williamson & Corder Ltd

A factory in the North East founded by robert williamson and walter corder in 1894.

Factory life in 1896 was not easy, working conditions were dire and horrible accidents were an ever present prospect and sometimes a shattering reality, as the Shields Daily Gazette recorded.

In 1902 The World Paper Trade Review Volume 37 reported – Williamson & Corder Ltd were to acquire the business carried on at Walker-on-Tyne, Northumberland, as Williamson & Corder, and adopt an agreement with R Williamson & W S Corder, and to carry on the business of manufacturers of and dealers in gelatine, glue, grease, oil, alkalis, soaps, chemicals etc.

In 1915 the Journal of the Chemical Society, Transactions published Robert Williamson’s obituary.

In common with their peers the factory at Low Walker, Newcastle earned its share of opprobrium.

The chat on the internet forums reveals something of the working conditions at the Williamson & Corder’s ‘bone yard’. Even as late as 1900, when Edward Hindley was starting his Acton Bridge factory, the work was always somewhat ‘juicy’ … but where’s there’s muck there’s brass! … these businesses were to become chemical refining businesses with ready markets for many different and valuable products …

Williamson & Corder were the only prospective subsidiary company of BG&C to advertise their wares in the 1919 British Chemical Manufacturers directory of members.

Robert Williamson and Walter Corder had a passion for chemistry and were keen to keep close to the science of their trade. In 1941 Williamson & Corder Ltd continued the tradition of their founders and cooperated with local cancer research – see – ‘The Citric Acid Content of Animal Tissues, with Reference to its Occurrence in Bone and Tumour’ by Frank Dickens, from the Cancer Research Laboratory, North of England Council of the British Empire Cancer Campaign, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle-upon-Tyne (Received 1 September 1941) – ‘I am greatly indebted to Mrs C M Burns for bone specimens and analyses; to Mr T W Smith of Messrs Williamson & Corder, Newcastle, for information about bone meal and for a gift of this material; to the Pathology Department, University of Durham, for the use of their photometer; and to the Physicians & Surgeons of this Hospital for clinical material’.

Forge Mill, Papplewick

J & T Walker (1917) Ltd

‘A Place Like Papplewick’ Vols. 4 & 5 describes the history of the cotton mills on the River Leen and one of them, Forge Mill, had a remarkable pedigree. –

‘Water powered mills have existed along the River Leen in the parishes of Papplewick and Linby since at least 1232. By 1615, iron refining was underway at Bulwell Forge, otherwise known as Forge Mill, which once stood in Papplewick parish. This mill consumed vast quantities of local timber that were turned into charcoal. There is evidence that the timber being taken for use at Bulwell Forge accounted for much of the destruction of Sherwood Forest during the 17th and 18th centuries. Iron continued to be worked here until at least 1773. Mills along the River Leen began to proliferate after 1776 for the processing of cotton. In 1776 George Robinson arrived, he created a manufacturing empire, establishing six mills including Castle Mill, Grange Farm, Middle Mill and Forge Mill, driven by water power, and providing jobs for 800 people. Water shortages and a wrangle over water rights with landowner Lord Byron, the poet’s great uncle, forced Robinson to find alternative means of powering the mills. In 1785, he installed a steam engine invented by James Watt at Grange Farm – the first to be used in a cotton mill anywhere in the world. Had the railways come to the area in time, the Leen Valley could have become the centre of the cotton industry but, through lack of infrastructure and various legal disputes, the Robinsons abandoned the trade and turned to banking.

 (Interestingly, 1785 was the year that Daniel Whittaker abandoned his plans to invest in a cotton mill at Acton Bridge in favour of the 16ft head of water in the greenfield valley. It seems the search for useful water power was widespread, but entrepreneurs like the Robinsons were alive to James Watts alternative … others were soon to follow … )

In July 1828, cotton spinning came to a halt due irreconcilable differences between the proprietors, a dispute that dragged through the courts until 1830. Thereafter, the mills lay empty and largely deserted. All but Castle Mill and Forge Mill were dismantled in the 1840’s and the materials used to construct new farm buildings, examples of which remain at West View and Forest Farms. J & T Walker occupied Forge Mill and between 1866 and 1920, it was used to grind bones’. 

‘Men and Women of Bulwell’ by Robert Mellors indentified John Deverill Walker (1808-78) and Thomas Walker (1820-93) who carried on a bone crushing business at Forge Mill in 1866, and afterwards. The mill was in Papplewick parish, but was called the ‘Bulwell Bone Mill’. J D Walker was a member of the Board of Guardians, and for several years its chairman. He was highly esteemed for his business like ability and kindness. He died in 1878 aged 70. Thomas Walker was his youngest brother and carried on the business at his decease, until shortly before he died in 1893, aged 73.

‘History of seed crushing in Great Britain’ by Harold W Brace, 1960 –

‘Nottingham – J & T Walker erected a mill at Leen Side in about 1854, which was transferred to larger premises on the London road in 1874’.

Thomas Walker (1818-) was baptised on September 9th 1818 at St Mary, Nottingham; the son of Matthew Walker & Alice Deverill who were married at Bulwell in 1805.

In the 1841 census, Thomas (1818-), a Grocer, was with his elder brother William (1813-) at Woolpack Lane, St Mary. They were still at Woolpack Lane in 1851; Alice was now widowed & an Annuitant, William had gone into brewing and Thomas was now in business as a Bone Merchant.

The 1861 census confirmed Thomas had started his mill and was now a Bone and Linseed Crusher. He had also married Sarah Elizabeth and there was a new baby, Thomas (1861-) and two older sons, William 8 years and John Deverill 4 years old, and named after his grandmother. The census also recorded an important daughter Sarah Elizabeth (1858-). The family lived at 21 Castle Gate, St Nicholas, Nottingham. In 1871 they had moved to Newcastle Terrace, Standard Hill & The Castle. John Deverill, a 14 year old, and Sarah E, aged 12, were still at home. William was away and there were 3 new sons, Thomas F (1861-), Matthew (1863-) and Samuel George (1867-). By 1881 Thomas was a widower but his business was well established employing 45 men & 9 women. William was the Cashier and John Deverill a Merchants Clerk.

Most interestingly in 1881 the household had a ‘visitor’, Sarah Duncalfe (1858-1950) from Tettenhall, Staffordshire. It seemed daughter Sarah Elizabeth had married a Staffordshire farmer Alfred Richard Duncalfe (1854-1933) from Tettenhall. They were married in Nottingham in 1882.

Alfred Richard Duncalfe (1854-) was, no doubt, a customer well satisfied with his abundant use of Walker manures! Alfred’s father, Henry Duncalfe (1812-86) was from Shropshire, a prosperous Land Agent Farmer, who in 1881 had 500 acres and employed 9 men, 3 boys & 3 women.  In 1884 Alfred & Sarah had a son, Roger Duncalfe (1884-), born in Tettenhall in 1884. By 1901 Roger, was living with his Architect uncle Samuel George in Nottingham, and Roger had joined the Walker business as a Tillage & Glue Merchant and by 1911 he was the Glue Works Manager. And when Meggitts (1917) was formed Roger was appointed a Director and his climb to fame & fortune was well underway.

William Walker (1853-)

John Deverill Walker (1857-)

As early as 1850 The Nottinghamshire Guardian reported that the bone crushing business of John Shelton (previously Gregory & Co) at Meadow Street Wharf, Nottingham was now in the hands of Messrs J & T Walker who were moving from Snenton (Sneinton) …

Work at the new premises was not without risk an 1853 report in the Stamford Mercury confirmed factory work was a dangerous business especially for the intoxicated!.

In 1855 the post office directory records J & T Walker were processing bones in Canal Street,  Nottingham.

Wright’s Directory of Nottingham recorded the firm established on London Road in 1888.

In 1873 John Deverill Walker was the Chairman of the board of guardians in Basford.

In 1886 Thomas decided to retire and the business was put up for sale …

Who purchased the business? When did Roger Duncalfe get involved? Who was John Deverill Walker (1857-1948) the director of BG&C?

1888/9 Wright’s Directory of Nottingham – J & T Walker, seed crushers and tillage merchants, Jackson St (St Ann’s Well road) and london road?

From The Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England, 1889 –

‘Mr Robert Marshall, of Ley Fields, Kneesall, Newark, sent on March 25, 1889, a sample of raw bone meal for analysis. Five tons of this had been purchased, at £5-5s per ton delivered, net cash, from Messrs J & T Walker, of Nottingham, who were the manufacturers. The following is Dr Voelcker’s 1889 report –     Moisture 18.55%    Organic matter 32.11%     Phosphate of lime 39.71%     Carbonate of lime 8.78%     Insoluble siliceous matter 0.85%     Containing nitrogen 3.63%     Equal to ammonia 4.41%    Including common salt 4.32%    This is wet, low in quality and mixed with over 4% of salt. Messrs Walker admitted that bones had been in stock since the previous July or August, and that in order to keep down vermin and prevent heating they had added a small amount of salt. They offered to make a reduction of 10s per ton’. 

In 1904 the lease of Bulwell Bone Mill to the Walker company was confirmed – ‘Papers relating to a lease of Bulwell Bone Mill in Hucknall Torkard and Papplewick, Nottinghamshire, to William & John D Walker; 1904-1914’. (University of Nottingham ref. Pl E12/6/15/139/ 1-16)

NB The ‘first’ John Deverill Walker died in 1878?

 In 1918 The Mining Journal, Volume 11, reported the formation of a new company, ‘J & T Walker (1917), Limited – To carry on the business of chemical manure manufacturers and merchants, and bone crushers and merchants, glue and grease manufacturers and merchants. Nominal capital, £40,000, in £1 shares’.

In 1926 J & T Walker were hard at it rationalising their transport system in Bestwood …

In 1927 The Official Guide to Nottingham (The Queen City of the Midlands) described the ‘Bone-Glue Business –

‘The bone-glue industry originated in Nottingham over a hundred years ago, and to-day is of extensive proportions, more than 500 tons of bones being brought into the district every week for conversion into glue, animal fats, and manures. In the earlier days the trade consisted merely of the rough grinding of bones so as to make them suitable for application to the land. Later on bones were boiled in open pans to extract fat and glue, and then, as science progressed, they were auto­matically sorted over to extract iron and rubbish, all those except the marrow bones passing to grinding mills, and thence to the benzene extractors to have the fat taken out. This fat is sold in large quantities for the making of soap, glycerine, and stearine. The bones, on coming out of the extractors, are dry-cleaned and polished, and afterwards go to the glue extractors. Amongst the many different qualities of glue manufactured are cake glues, powdered glues, liquid glues, size, etc, used in such trades as decorating, box-making, joinery, cabinet-making, match-making, and sand-paper and emery cloth manufacture, as well as in the paper and textile trades. The bones, having had the glue extracted, are taken to another portion of the works to be dried and finely ground for manure, and are sold as artificial manures with a guaranteed analysis to agriculturists at home and abroad, some of the products being treated with acids and other materials. The marrow bones are dealt with separately, and are eventually sold for button making, tooth brush, and piano key manufacture’.

In 1943 a practical farmer from Nottingham wrote about how J & T Walker’s products helped to improve his farm lands before the Great War –

‘Thirty Years Farming on the Clifton Park System – How to supply Humus, Texture, and Fertility by the Aid of Deep-Rooting Grasses’ by William Lamin, ‘Before the last war, we had always plenty of bones and kainit to run at, as there was Messrs J & T Walker’s bone works not far away. I may say we had a hundred and sixty tons of steam bone flour the year before the Great War. Slag will do the same; but always get as high a percentage as you can, for it takes no more putting on than a low grade, and don’t forget the kainit for the light land. For our light land we always preferred the kainit and potash salts to sulphate of potash or muriate of potash, as we considered the salts did the land good. We traded with J & T Walker until British Glues bought them and closed the works down. I may say that I was always a great believer in artificial manure, and would a great deal rather spend my money on artificial manures than on cake. In fact, when I was a butcher, I used to take the two farming papers every week Farm & Home, and Farm, Field & Fireside, and I would study every experiment in artificial manures that was printed in those papers, besides making many experiments on my own account in the field’.

John Wilson has provided some additional information on John Deverill Walker who died in 1948, aged 91 –

‘The Walkers owned the Forge Mill, near Papplewick, and were manufacturers of fertilisers from crushed bones. Originally the family lived at Cavendish Road North, Nottingham, where the 1881 census notes John Deverill was living with his father Thomas, a widower, and other members of the family. John Deverill moved to Westlands, Clifton Road, Ruddington, Nottinghamshire in about 1931 or 1932. The 1936/37 electoral register gives the following people as living at Westlands – John Deverill Walker, Edith Nellie Walker, Ruby Walker and Joyce Walker. John and Edith also had a son, who was also called John Deverill.  John Deverill Walker kept weather records for many years, both at Forge Mill and at Westlands. He submitted rainfall measurements to the Met Office for 75 years and was their longest serving rainfall recorder ever’.

Companies acquired by BG&C after 1920 –

A listing of the major companies associated with BG&C was compiled by D W F Hardie in his review of the history of the chemical industry in 1966.

Lomas Gelatine Works1920 Lomas Gelatine Works Ltd – Prince Rock, Plymouth, formed in 1914, but registered in 1899 with a nominal capital of £5,180 in 450 £12 ordinary shares and 80 £1 deferred shares. Object, to adopt an agreement with Joseph P Brown and John Brown, of the Abbey Stores, Plymouth. Private company. Glue, gelatine and fertiliser manufacturers and merchants.

Colyn Thomas describes the Lomas operation in 1902 in his notes on Millwood.

The Devon Karst Research Society has produced an interesting webpage on the Cattedown Bone Caves which includes a 1931 aerial photo of the Lamas Gelatine Works.

In 1927 an advert appeared in the Western News concerning the sale of surplus chemicals and plant …

In 1947 the Mechanical World & Engineering Record reported that the factory was to be rebuilt by BG&C.

Croid Advert1920 Improved Liquid Glues Co Ltd – founded in 1911, later Croids Ltd

The history of croids glues reflects constant enterprise and change …

‘Georgee’ wrote on an internet chat forum on 4th July 2009 – ‘when I was a boy in Newark, there was a factory down Tolney Lane called Croid Aero Glue they processed the bones into glue. You could also grind them to make the bone in blood fish and bone meal’.

Murray Advert1921 O Murray & Co Ltd – established 1907, 69-70 Mark Lane, London EC3. Merchants, agents and importers of gelatines & glues plus essential oils, starches, dextrose, chlorates, casein plastics and other natural products. Trading as ‘Murray’s of Mark Lane’.

For example Murrays were agents for ‘Dorcasine’ a casein plastic made by chas horner ltd of Halifax. Casein plastic was introduced in objects from 1910-1930 as an imitation of less exotic horn. A hard, tough, light coloured material. The plastic is based on milk protein and is a obtained from the powdered casein protein, with water as the usual plasticizer, hardened after moulding by the action of formaldehyde. It is used chiefly in thin sheets and rods for making buttons, buckles, knitting needles, pens and, being easily dyed, for costume jewellery and decorative novelties.

B Young and company1926 B Young & Co Ltd – established in 1806 the factory was in Grange Road, Bermondsey, they produced gelatine but later acquired the glue & size works in Spa Road from Procter & Bevington. Locally known as the ‘glue factory’ but because of the pungent smell emitted from the works, glue production ceased in 1900 and production switched to gelatine. spa gelatine was the leading brand. The works closed in 1981 and in 1982 the land was sold for redevelopment.

1928 The Mitcham Poultry Food Company – established in 1923 by Mr F D McLorinan and went into voluntary liquidation in 1928. Mr Herbert Kidson was appointed as Liquidator. Messrs Kidsons, Taylor and Co of 45 Kingsway, London WC2 and 1 Booth Street, Manchester, were the auditors of British Glues & Chemicals at this time. It seems likely that the Mitcham business was purchased by BG&C around 1928?

1932 George Aspey & Son Ltd – formed 1918. New Station Oil Works, Neville Street, Leeds.

In 1919 Aspeys were advertising in the trade journals for a Foreman to supervise the erection of a new plant …

1933 The Standard Soap Company – Ashby de la Zouch – Soap making in Ashby de la Zouch was known prior to 1894, when a company called Harrison Frederick John & Co manufactured at Tamworth Road. Around 1900 soap operations moved to The Callis which had previously been a tannery. During the first world war, the site belonged to the Levers and later under various names such as George Aspey and C B Parsons making laundry soap powder. In 1924, the company operated as Ashby Soaps making soaps and soap powder and in 1928 it was renamed Standard Soap Company. In 1933, the site was taken over by British Glues & Chemicals which, during the second world war, manufactured bar soap and toilet soap, and part of the site was used by the Ministry of Defence.

During the 1960’s, the decision was taken to concentrate on contract manufacture of other companies products in the cosmetics and toiletries industry. This specialisation proved very successful and Standard Soap is now Europe’s largest contract soap and toiletries manufacturer.

In 1968 the company was purchased by Croda International Ltd and then became the head office of their Soaps Division. In 1995 the company was purchased by Kuala Lumpur Kepong Berhad.

1935 G C Russell Ltd – formed 1906, mr c g russell was a collector and processor of waste from the Smithfield Market in London.

Calfos Advert1947 Calfos Limited – formed in 1939 to make calcium phosphate food supplements. Calfos was the trade name for a prepared bone meal (calcium phosphate) used as a source of calcium and phosphate in foods. Prepared from degreased bones and originally used as a supplement in both animal and human foods as a source of calcium and phosphate. It is no longer used in the UK because of the risk of transmitting BSE. But it was also used as a plant fertilizer, a slowly released source of phosphate.

In 1946 the spectacular benefits of Calfos had been recorded in ‘The Prescriber’ Volumes 40-42, ‘Calfos. One of the greatest obstacles to the successful administration of minerals is that in most forms they are not easily assimilated. A further difficulty has been the failure to realize that if calcium and phosphorus are to be absorbed and retained in the body, they must be administered in adequate quantities and in correct proportion to each other. Extensive Laboratory research followed by clinical experiments has established that neither of these difficulties arises with Calfos, since it contains calcium and phosphorous in the natural proportions and in the most readily assimiable form. Laboratory research and similar experiments have established that there is no difficulty in the digestion and storage of vital minerals when administered in the form of Calfos. The reason is not far to seek, for it represents the entire range of minerals in the natural ratio found in bone. Calfos is prepared from selected fresh ox bone by a process which removes essentially all organic tissue, leaving white, sterile, micro porous residue. The main constituents – calcium and phosphorous, together amounting to nearly 82% – are present in the same form as in the original bone. The calcium-to-phosphorus ratio in Calfos is the same as in bone itself — namely, 2.2 : 1. The importance of this fact in the correction of a calcium deficient diet has been emphasised by biochemical research. The mineral matter in Calfos is completely soluble in hydrochloric acid. This indicates that its calcium and phosphorus content will dissolve in the gastric juices, and, owing to the fine porous structure of Calfos, the rate of disintegration is even. (Calfos Ltd, Imperial House, Kingsway, WC2)’

The brand is still sold today by Influx Pharmaceuticals. The Influx website tells us ‘the company was established in 2003 and has grown to become one of the leaders in manufacturing Dietary / Functional Food / Nutraceuticals products. It’s mission is to be a prominent player in health care industry with the help of our esteemed customers, service, quality along with ethics of business. We also have FDA approved technical personnel as consultants with loads of experience in this field. Influx Pharmaceuticals, 2 Unique Compound, Gulshan Nagar,  90 ft Road, Gandhi Nagar,  Off Linking Road, Kandivali (West). Mumbai 400067. Maharashtra, India’.

Personality Beauty Products1951 Personality Beauty Products Limited, of 30 Duke Street, St. James ‘s, London SW1Y 6D1, marketed a range of toilet skin creams, moisturising creams, foundation creams, powders, lotions, toilet & bath soaps, perfumed soaps and perfumes which were made at The Standard Soap Company, Ashby. However the ‘Personality’ and the ‘Tabac’ brands were sold to Allcock Products Ltd in 1964, although manufacture continued at Ashby.

1959 Wm Oldroyd & Sons Ltd, Ditton, Widnes – started gelatine production in 1866.  In 1959 the Rubber Journal reported, ‘British Glues & Chemicals, one of the markets’ favourite takeover stocks, turned a bidder recently and bought a 50% participation in Wm Oldroyd & Sons, gelatine manufacturers, of Widnes? Clarence Noel Silvester, 6 Deanery Close, Chester, born 16 Dec 1927, BSc Sheffield 1949; Dip Chem Eng London 1950; Works Manager, Wm Oldroyd & Sons Ltd, 1962.

In 1959 Cleveland Products Co, Cargo Fleet Road, Middlesbrough was purchased by Wm Oldroyd & Sons Ltd. Cleveland manufactured Ossein gelatine and was founded in 1907 by Alan Edgar Schellenberg. It was known locally as Schellenberg’s glue & hide factory of Cargo Fleet Road. Marie Conte-Helm suggested Cleveland Products provided employment for many Japanese ex merchant seamen and contributed to the long term association of Japan and the North East of England. In 1940 the founder and managing director, Mr Schellenberg died.

In 1962 Oldroyds and Cleveland became wholly owned subsidiaries of BG&C. ‘Tony’ worked at Cleveland Products in 1967, the boss then was Keith Schellenberg. Tony’s father also worked there for many years. The company finally ceased to trade in the late 70’s or early 80’s. The works site was situated near to the Middlesbrough Docks. Cleveland Products was located on the car park of Middlesbrough Football Club Riverside Stadium!

International Protein Products Ltd1960 International Protein Products Ltd, Plymouth.

 This company was formed in 1960 to exploit the chayen impulse protein process, edible protein from peanuts, a scientific breakthrough described in 1959 in ‘The New Scientist’.

The appointment of the General Manager Dr Rosen was announced in the in Journal of the Royal Institute of Chemistry in 1960.

‘Nature’, on the 26th March 1960, commented, ‘a recent report from British Glues and Chemicals Ltd, reflects the increasing interest in leaf protein; the Chayen impulse process, introduced a few years ago by this firm for the disintegration and extraction of bones and animal fats, has now been applied to a variety of other materials, including oilseeds, such as groundnuts, and grasses. The principle of this method lies in the use of shock waves of sufficient intensity and frequency to burst the tissues and cells of biological materials; it is illustrated by the depth-charge technique used in anti-submarine warfare … the report states that 100 tons of fresh grass … treated by the Chayen method yields about 2¼ tons of edible protein’.

See also ‘The Industrial Production of Edible Lipoprotein’ by A R Pike, Works Manager, International Protein Products Ltd – The Journal of the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health. 1963; 83: 167-169.

Production was reported in The New Scientist in 1962. The Chayen opportunity was described in the humanist in 1962.

The production plant at Plymouth using peanuts as feedstock was commissioned in April 1962.

The operation never became profitable and was closed in 1968.

In 1980 in ‘Advances in Food Research’, C O Chichester commented on the demise of the process …

The Photographic Time, 19061961 The British Gelatine Works Ltd, Luton, formed in 1899 and started to make photographic gelatines in 1900. An associate of C Simeons & Co Ltd, founded in 1874 and manufacturing soap, amongst other things.

An illuminating article in The Photographic Times of 1906 describes the process of gelatine production at The British Gelatine Works … this is well worth a read but remember, this spanking new factory, only four years old, was probably very different from the ‘goings on’ that could have been witnessed at The Acton Bridge Factory of The Weaver Refining Co Ltd around the same time?

‘The British Journal of Photography Annual’ of 1933 noted, ‘Reference may fittingly be made in these pages to the photographic gelatines made for the manufacture of all descriptions of sensitive material for photography by The British Gelatine Works Ltd, which firm, as C Simeons, has been engaged in this branch of manufacture for more than 30 years. Their works at Luton cover about 10 acres, and include the most up-to-date machinery for production of gelatines of the extreme purity required for photographic manufacture’.

1964 Robert Pintus & Co Ltd – founded in 1907. In 1969 became part of Croda Polymers Division with Croda Paints, Croid, O Murray and British Glues & Chemicals, Wigan & Newark. The company was wound up by Croda in 1975.

1964 B Cannon & Co Ltd – In 1964 the Cannons of Lincoln were an associate of Booth & Co (International) Ltd having been acquired pre WWI by the Booth Group. They made glue and gelatine; but there was also some fellmongering or leather making done at the Lincoln site, but this operation was closed in 1917 when Alfred Booth bought into the Pavlova leather syndicate. Booths were a long established group originating in Liverpool, merchanting in leather and involved in steamships.

Cannon’s glue and gelatine business was acquired by BG&C in 1964 in an exchange. The packet size business was sold back to Booths, thus promoting and exploiting the different company specialisations.

Heritage Connect Lincoln –

‘Cannon’s Glue Works, Firth Road was established in 1874 by Bernard Cannon and a building of c 1900 survives on Firth Road, at the south-west corner of the original site. Little seems to be known about the industrialisation of glue manufacture. Matters of particular interest on this site will be related to the import of raw materials. A leather works is marked on the 1st edition OS at the west end of Gaunt Street, just across the river from the Cannon’s site and connected to it via a bridge. The two works were obviously working in partnership if not under the same ownership. Both works had a long frontage on to the upper Witham and presumably received supplies and shipped finished products by water. But how were the boiling vats at the glue works fired and how was the product distributed? Is it a coincidence that this works was close to the coach works and wood shop operated by Ruston’s, where wood glue would have been greatly needed? If so, then we have an interesting tight-packed group of interrelated industries here on either side of the Witham’.

Bernard Cannon (1846-1893), was born in Dublin, Ireland and died in Lincoln. The obituary in the Lincolnshire Chronicle filled in some detail about the Cannon business. Bernard Cannon settled in Lincoln around 1865 and he purchased John Fletcher’s small skin yard and the business grew & grew & grew to be known the world over. A Catholic Whig, loved by all his employees he was a man of stature … and also a director of The Lincoln Coffee Palace Company? Bernard left the warmth of his dad’s Dublin enterprise to make his own mark in the world in England. Perhaps the funds for the purchase of the Fletcher business came from the sale of his Dublin interests?

Bernard’s dad Edward Cannon (1820-) was a Dublin businessman running an established operation in 1863, successful and big enough to be exporting leathers to the US, as a Law Report of December 12th 1863 recorded –

 ‘Revenue Cases Undervaluation. Before Judge Shipman and a Jury. The United States vs. Three Bales of Dressed Chamois Skins. The goods were sent here in September, 1862, by Edward Cannon, of Dublin, on board the C F Eaton. They consisted of twenty casks of salted skins and three bales of oiled leather, and were consigned here to B W Jones, who entered them at the Custom House according to the invoice in which they were valued at £850. On the examination of the goods at the Custom House, the twenty casks were passed as correct. But one of the bales was found to contain 12 kips of chamois more than the number stated in the invoice. These were worth about £12. The skins in one of the other bales were invoiced part at four shillings and part at two shillings and sixpence, and the appraisers advanced their value to five shillings and three shillings, respectively; which being an advance of more than 20 per cent, the Government seized the whole invoice. Evidence as to the true value of the goods was given on both sides, and the claimant also gave the testimony of Cannon and his head clerk to show that chamois kips were omitted from the invoice by a mere clerical error in copying, of which they were entirely ignorant until informed of it by letters from the consignee here. The jury found a verdict for the claimants releasing the goods’.

There was an interesting report in The Times of London in 1882 of a shooting in Dublin. This confirmed that Edward Cannon had a tannery in Marrow Bone Lane, Thomas Street, Dublin. And in 1883 a fire broke out in the tanyard & glue factory which was reported in The Manchester Evening News.

It appears the partnerships in the Dublin business were dissolved in 1888.

In the 1871 census Bernard Cannon (1846-1893), born in Ireland, was living with his elder sister Mariana (1837-) at Tentercroft Street, Lincoln. At that time, 1871, he was already established as a Leather Dresser employing 55 heads.

Bernard and his business did well and in 1880 he was elected Mayor of Lincoln. Alderman Ruston’s address in proposing Bernard Cannon was eloquent. As an Irish immigrant and founder of a successful English business Bernard Cannon must have been pleased with progress to date, he had earned his reputation as ‘best fitted’.  In Bernard Cannon’s case unfettered freedoms and the obvious respect for business success had led to the introduction into Lincoln of an entirely new industry providing jobs and new valued products from the humble cow. A gentleman with social skills and engaged in an extensive business he undoubtedly knew the wants of the city. Interestingly in 1880, in Lincoln, successful businessmen were deemed well qualified for political office!

By 1881 Bernard was married to Mary Agnes (1850-) and they were living at South Park Terrace, Lincoln with 7 year old son Edward Thomas (1874-). His younger brother 20 year old William Joseph Cannon (1861-) had joined the business and described himself as a Leather Dresser. In 1881 William was boarding with John Knight, a Grocer, in Lincoln.

In 1891 before he died in 1893 Bernard was living at Monk’s Lees House commanding one of the finest views of the city.

In 1891 William Joseph Cannon (1861-) was now Managing Director Leather, Glue, Size & Dye Manufactury, married to Kate (1858-) from Lincoln with sons Harold (1885-) and Francis E (1889-) both born in Lincoln. The family were living at The Avenue, St Martin, Lincoln.

In 1901 William was listed as a Leather Manufacturer living at 5 Lindrum Terrace, Lincoln. By this time 2 new sons had appeared Percy (1894-) and Richard (1896-).

In 1911 the family were at Kennilworth House, Lincoln. Harold (1885-) was living with them and had joined the business as a Leather Manufacturer.

The original Bernard Cannon company was listed in the Kelly Directory of Lincolnshire in 1880 and they were advertising 6d packets of gelatine for blancmange in 1883.

As early as 1879 Cannon’s advertised in The Grantham Journal the availability of their sizes in neighbouring areas and in The Northampton Mercury they specifically targeted theiradvert at painters, decorators, paper makers, paper stainers, carvers & gilders, curriers & co.

 In 1882 Cannons were advertising in John William Martin’s, ‘Float Fishing and Spinning in the Nottingham Style. Being a Treatise on the so-called Coarse Fishes, with Instructions for their Capture’ – ‘Cannon’s Glue Powder’. Sold in 1d packets – equal in strength and quality to the best glue made. Useful in every house. Dissolves immediately in boiling water. Sold by Chemists, Grocers, Oilmen and Stationers. Can be obtained wholesale or from – B Cannon & Co, Manufacturers, Witham Leather, Glue and Parchment Works, Gaunt Street, Lincoln, England.

In 1882 The Lincolnshire Chronicle reported a recommendation for the use of the Cannon sizes in making distempers.

In 1883 Cannons were establishing their specialisation in the paper trade. The Printing Times and Lithographer: an illustrated monthly technical and fine-art journal of lithography, typography, engraving, papermaking and the auxiliary trades – ‘We are therefore pleased to record that B Cannon and Co, Gaunt Street, Lincoln are about to offer to the trade a new glues which, on account of its strength and elasticity, will be found particularly applicable to the manufacture of composition rollers. In the same year they were selling at thegreat exhibition in Cork.

A tragic accident at Cannons was reported in The Sheffield Telegraph in 1890 … gruesome.

In 1892 Cannons were selling sanitary size … there were endless applications for the output from the Gaunt Street Works.

For a long time Cannons sales strategy was focussed on brand advertising in local papers with appointed commission agents selling in their allotted areas. Spreading from Lincoln to a periphery which reached Scotland by 1892. Agents were not salaried employees and disputes over commissions & supplies could be a hazard as the Glasgow Herald reported.

In 1893 the founder of the business Bernard Cannon died at a tragically of apoplexy at the early age of 48. William Joseph took over as head of the business.

The antiseptic properties of size were being successfully exploited in the USA in 1904 in sheep dips.

B Cannon 1906By 1906 Cannons were establishing a reputation in Ireland and B Cannon & Co were doing a brisk trade in ‘Irish Glue’ in the USA where they had agentsin Michigan.

William  Joseph Cannon (1861-) advised George Booth on war supplies in 1915. George Booth, on secondment from the Booth Group, spent five months working unpaid at the foreign office trying to sort out military supply situation and in the same year George was invited to be a Director of the Bank of England.

In 1921 The Chemist and Druggist: the newsweekly for pharmacy: Volume 94 reported – ‘Stocks of gelatine and glue valued at £30,000 were destroyed by a fire which broke out on the premises of B Cannon & Co Ltd of Lincoln, on December 28th’.

Had the Cannon operation moved to yorkshire by 1981?

There were other companies associated with BG&C … but we know little about them? –

G A ShanklandG A Shankland Ltd  – D W F Hardie suggests the company was over 50 years old when BG&C became involved with them in the 1920s … but perhaps not …

George Archibald Shankland (1877-) was born in Blaenavon in 1877. In 1881 his father George was doing well in insurance in Pembroke St Mary; an Assistant Superintendent of Assurance Agent, aged 29.

In 1891 George had been promoted to Superintendent Of Assurance Agents and the family had moved to Luton. George Archibald was the eldest with 7 siblings, 4 sisters & 3 brothers.

George Archibald married Amelia Martha Adamson from Kentish Town, in Hampstead, London in 1900.

In 1901 he was living at 39 Ulysses Road, Hampstead and working as a Buying Clerk in a Hardware & Paint Exporting Firm.

In 1911 George & Amelia had moved up to Kirkby in Ashfield in Nottinghamshire and George was working as a Glue Manufacturer. By then they had four daughters Hilda Leonora Amelia (1902-), born in Hapstead; Madeline Muriel (1904-), born in Hackney; Mildred Inger (1907-), born in Mansfield; Phyllis Rose (1010-), born in Mansfield; and a baby son born in 1911 in Kirkby. Clearly the family moved up north between 1904 and 1907. The glue manufacturer employing George Archibald must have been the big Meggitts company?

It seems George Archibald Shankland had worked for Meggitts from 1907 and after the war decided to branch out on his own and found suitable premises at Isis Mills in Eynsham and formed a new company in 1919; G A Shankland Ltd.

Eynsham MillA most interesting confirmation of this story came from the brown family who ‘built a new factory’ in Eynsham and worked with both Meggitts and Shanklands before the formation of BG&C …

‘Eynsham: Economic history’, A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 12: Wootton Hundred (South) including Woodstock (1990)  –

‘The surviving Eynsham Mill on the river Evenlode was occupied some years after the First World War, by G A Shankland Ltd who ground bones there for glue manufacture; by then it was known as Isis Mills’.

The Chemical Trade Journal and Chemical Engineer: Volume 65, 1919 – G A Shankland, Ltd – Private company. Capital £40,000, in 39,000 ordinary shares of £1 and 20,000 deferred ordinary shares of ls each. Chemical manufacturers and merchants, engineers, warehousemen, etc. Registered office: River Mills, Eynsham, Oxon.

Chemical Age: Volume 9, 1923 – Shankland G A Ltd, Eynsham, chemical manufacturers (M 11/8/23). Registered July 19th £18,000 debentures charged on properties at Eynsham etc, also general charge * Nil. January 12th 1923.

The Chemical Age: Volume 11, 1924 – Mr Walter Hole has been appointed general manager of G A Shankland Ltd, glue, grease and fertiliser manufacturers, Isis Mills, Eynsham, Oxford.

The business was up for sale in 1925. Did BG&C buy them in 1925?

And in 1926 what was going on in the courts, Shankland v. British Glues & Chemicals?

Alfred Fairclough Ltd – originally formed in 1923, but from 1962 the firm was named J H Fairclough Ltd.

In 1923 The Chemical Age, Volume 9 recorded – ‘New Companies Registered – Alfred Fairclough Ltd, Daisy Works, Daisy Walk, Sheffield. Dealers in bones, animal products, hides, fats and the like; glue, gelatine and fertiliser manufacturers and merchants, bone crushers, grease manufacturers, etc. Nominal Capital £1,000 in £1 shares’.

Alfred Gregory Fairclough (1879-) was born in Sheffield the son of Harold Fairclough (1854-). Harold was a Goods Checker, a railway clerk from Liverpool who married a local Sheffield girl Eliza Gregory (1855-). In 1891 the family were living at 15 Bingley Street, Brightside Bierlow, Sheffield. Eldest daughter Adelaide (1876-) was a teacher and the eldest son 12 year old Alfred was already earning his way as an Office Boy Clerk. John (-); Eliza(-); Cynthia (-) and Seymour Joseph (1890-) were the other children and Harold’s father in law and sister in law were living with them.

By 1901 another son Harold (1892-) had been born, but father Harold had died and Eliza was wrestling with a large family at 38 Carr Road, Nether Hallam. The elder children were all out working and enterprising Alfred Gregory ventured out and was a Hide & Skin Dealer, working on his own account.

By 1911 Alfred Gregory had achieved some success as he was still in the trade describing himself as a Bone Dealer, married to Hannah (-) and living with two sons Harold (-) and Alfred (-) and two daughters Margaret (-) and Mary (-) at 90 Hawksley Avenue, Hillsborough.

Brother Seymour Joseph (1890-1916), a Cost Clerk at Spring Works was also living with them. Thomas Torton & Sons, steel manufacturers, were at Sheaf and Spring Works, Sheffield. Joseph Seymour Fairclough, died in the Great War – Sheffield City Battalion Roll of Honour

It appeared Alfred wheeled and dealed around Sheffield until he established his works at Daisy Walk in 1923. The Oil & Colour Trades Journal – Volume 49 – Page 1856 – 1916 reported on one of his deals in oil –

‘Disputed Oil Transactions – At Sheffield County Court last week, before Judge Denmar Benson, Wm Hodgson, trading as Wm Hodgson & Co, oil broker, 66 Deansgate, Manchester, sued Albert Crowe, bone merchant, 77 Holliscroft, Sheffield, for £84 17s 7d, for alleged breach or contract. As a third party, A Fairclough, 90 Hawksley Avenue, Hillsborough, Sheffield, was cited, defendant claiming to be indemnified by him against all liability, on the ground that it was his breach of contract to deliver oil to the defendant that prevented him carrying …

In 1935 Alfred appeared to be a small Marine Store proprietor with a dubious assistant. Described as a Waste Material Dealer there was nothing to indicate his business would attract BG&C?

Tees Refining CompanyThe Tees Refining Co Ltd – originally the Tees Bone Mill – was formed in 1910 at Thornaby-on-Tees (wrongly named Tees Refinery Co by Hardie, 1966). A splendid advert appeared in ‘Chemicals & Industrial Materials’ in 1921 confirming the typical and extensive products associated with these ‘bone’ companies, which now correctly described themselves as ‘chemical refining’ companies.

The Tees company was acquired by BG&C in 19?? but the business had been ‘established over 100 years’ …

In 1968 ‘The History of Thornaby’ by Laurence Peter Ottaway, noted – ‘The Tees Bone Mill Company manufactured fertilisers and manure out of crushed bones. They were well known in North Yorkshire and South Durham for their excellent product, and well known locally for their horrible smell! They also produced hard and soft soaps, sold from the Humber to the Tyne. The mill was at the back of the Bridge Inn, people crossing the bridge had to put their handkerchiefs to their noses, for the terrible smell and dust coming from it. Adjoining the Bone Mill was the Oil Cake Mill, adjoining the Oil Cake mill was Appleton’s Flour Mill, now Clevo’.

Tees Bone MillIn 1851 William Oughtred (1818-), a corn merchant was plying his trade in Stockton. The 1851 census finds William Oughtred, a Corn & Seed Merchant, was born in Hartlepool and living with his wife Ellen (1824-) at 71/2 Silver Street, Stockton. In 1861 William described himself as a Corn, Seed and Guano Merchant, now with 3 sons and 4 daughters plus a servant at 5 Park Terrace, Stockton. Eldest son Nathaniel (1846-) had joined the business as a Clerk. The business was doing well! However by 1871 William had died and Ellen was on her own, an annuitant, with sons John (1848-) in Banking and William (1854-) in Iron Founding. Nathaniel had married and was in Hartlepool, a Mercantile Traveller … the boys did not continue with the business which was sold …

Alexander B Murray (1830-) was born in Scotland and in the 1871 census was a Corn Merchant living at Mandale Road, Thornaby with his Scottish born wife Janet W (1837-) with 5 sons and a daughter and 3 servants. By 1881 Alexander B, with wife and family had retired to farming at The Low Farm, Kirk Leatham, Yorkshire. 300 acres with Robert Harper as the Farm Foreman. Son James Murray (1859-) had retained an interest in Seed Merchanting

By 1863 Messrs A B Murray & Co (late W Oughtred) were proprietors of the Tees Bone Mills, South Stockton and were advertising ‘Guano, Manure & Seeds’ in the York Herald. Twelve years later the same outfit were advertising imported South American bones. However this substantial business was up for sale in 1879 following the death of one of the partners. The sale was completed in September when the mill was knocked down to a Mr Fowler for £4,125. But seldom were sales straightforward and at the end of 1879 the new proprietor John Fowler was in court suing Alexander B Murray! The newspaper report of the case had caused some confusion with the neighbouring but entirely separate entity, The North of England Pure Oil Cake Company; as correspondence in the Middlesbrough Gazette confirmed.

The 1881 census revealed that John Fowler (1851-), Manager of Manure Works (Manufacturing Chemist), born in Scotland, was married to Frances S (1858-) from Stoke Newington, Middlesex. They were living near the mill at 9 Bridge Road with son John H (1879-), daughter Frances (1881-) and a servant.

The 1881 census also revealed a John Fowler (1825-) was a successful Civil Engineer from Aberdeen, Scotland who had married a local Stockton girl, Mary Row (1835-) in London in 1853. They had a large family 4 sons and 6 daughters, and lived with 3 servants at The Villas, Preston on Tees.

In 1883 Fowlers luck was again tested when a destructive fire broke out at the mill.

Bulmer’s Directory of 1890 for Thornaby-on-Tees listed The Tees Bone Mills, Bridge Street as Chemical Manufacturers, with Mr John Fowler as Manager.

John Fowler died in 1888 and Mary continued to run the business. In 1891 Mary, Artificial Manure Manufacturer, was living at 7 Victoria Terrace, Garbutt Street, Stockton.

In 1897 the inevitable nuisance problems were still around and it seemed the Tees Bone Mill had earned itself a good reputation ‘in a very handsome manner’ but there was disquietabout newcomers, even when the newcomers were Fowlers!

And clearly a new company, messrs fowler & co, had been formed to carry on the same business … why? … John Fowler was still going strong at Tees Bone Mills and now a candidatefor the council …

In 1899 the names of George Curry and Ralph Wallace, farmer of Danby Wiske, were now ‘agents’ associated with the Tees Bone Mill …


George NelsonOther Significant Companies

There were many formidable competitors in England who were successful in the gelatine business outside of the BG&C network … just a few miles down the river from The Weaver Refining Company was Cheshire Gelatines run by the Gorton family from Paddington Works, Warrington.

The Cheshire Gelatines story starts with the runcorn bone works which was established by William Rawcliffe who also operated The Winsford Bone Works from around 1840. William had an able partner at Runcorn; the Liverpool ragman & shipping entrepreneur, the famous Paddy Magee. The Runcorn Bane Works moved to a new factory at Sutton Weaver, built by Owen Reilly in 1863.

This business was taken over by the leventons in 1899 … and then by the gortons from Paddington Works in 19?? …

The Gortons also owned the rookery bridge refining company. This company at Sandbach was originally established by Thomas Vickers in 1853. Thomas had started The Manchester Bone & Manure Works at Miles Platting some 17 years earlier in 1836.

Another competitor was george nelson, Dale & Co, Emscote Mills, Wharf Street, Warwick … Emscote Mills features in Anthony Leahy’s wonderful website … take a look … this formidable company closed down in 1972 …


The Players @ BG&C.

Chairmen – Mr Walter S Corder (1920)  MDs – Harold Cotes & Roger Duncalfe

Mr Tom Walton (1921-46)

Sir Roger Duncalfe (1946-57)

Harold Cotes (1957-61)                            MD – Israel H Chayen

D N Walton (1961-68)                                       

Tom WaltonTom Walton (1879-1953)

After the failing health of the first short lived Chairman of the board, Mr William S Corder, a giant appeared on the scene … Tom Walton FRA …

Tom Walton was an accountant and a partner at the Manchester firm, Walton, Watts & Co, but he was also Chairman of Charles Massey & Co, the largest of the subsidiary BG&C companies. In 1921 Tom Walton was appointed Chairman of one year old company, after the retirement of W S Corder. As an accountant Tom not only understood the Balance Sheet figures, he also understood the economic reality which confronted his company, his country and the world after the Great War …

It is difficult to imagine a less auspicious time to start a new company … it is difficult to imagine the survival of British Glues & Chemicals during those first twenty years without Tom Walton’s impressive leadership … tom walton’s analysis of the business & economic reality of the 1920/30s proved to be spot on … why was nobody listening? …

In 1943 Tom Walton found himself on the P&L Committee of the ICAEW. Surely there, in such august company, his influence could be heard and seen? Perhaps in the recommendations to the Cohen Committee on Accounting Principles which led to The Companies Act, 1947? Not at all!  john edwards, explained the stitch up! Company Accounts and the trades they summarised became increasingly important for government revenues & associated interest group bribes. It was the accounts that summarised the wealth creation process. The Company became a target for –

 tax – wealth was the source of tax revenue … there was no money in bankruptcy!

 regulation – ‘restraint of trade’ layer upon layer of added costs for the company in return for votes for the government … there were no votes in a successful BG&C! 

Every nook and cranny of the plc became a target … the excuse? … ‘fair’ taxation, ‘unfair’ prices, ‘health & safety’, ‘fair’ pay and employment practices, exploited customers … never mentioned was Tom Walton’s ‘sustained intelligent effort’ … as Noguchi & Edwards suggest, the jury was packed with corporatist sympathisers, best understood as a reflection of the changes in social attitudes stimulated by World War II, which brought about unprecedented mobilization and control over resources to be used by the Welfare State!

 NB A dictionary definition of corporatism – ‘The organization of a society into corporations or representative interest groups and the exercising of political control over their activities.  Thus the central core of the corporatist vision is not the individual but political control. Corporatism is based on a body of ideas that can be traced through Aristotle, Roman law, Catholic social philosophy, feudal social & legal structures. The state in the corporatist tradition is thus clearly interventionist and powerful.  The general culture heritage of Europe from the medieval era was opposed to individual self-interest and the free operation of markets. Markets and private property were acceptable only as long as social regulation took precedence over such sinful motivations as greed. There was a distinct aversion among rulers to allow markets to function without direction or control by the state, in other words there was a derogatory ‘laissez faire’ interpretation of Adam Smith.  This was at odds with the Anglo Saxon tradition of customary Common Law and individual freedom which led to the industrial revolution and Adam Smith’s clear explanation of the industrial revolution where individual ‘moral sentiments’ underpinned ‘the wealth of nations’.

Tom Walton had lived through the tragic mess the state bureaucrats had made by their interference in free trade and markets in the 1920/30 … it beggars belief that he would be supporting the dramatic extension of state hubris into business affairs following the 1947 Act … ?

Tom Walton retired as Chairman of BG&C in 1946 and died in 1953.

Harold CotesHarold Cotes (1885-1974)

Sheppy Adhesives Ltd was formed in 1887 and William Cotes became the company’s Glue Production Superintendent – a position he was to hold for many years. His son Harold worked in the company’s Glue Department for a short time, but he was destined for a much greater career … he was largely instrumental in forming the internationally renowned British Glues & Chemicals Limited, one of the largest producers of glues and gelatine in the world.

In 1904 at the age of 19 years, Harold Cotes went to Newcastle-under-Lyme as Works Manager to take charge of a glue factory owned by Charles Massey & Sons Ltd. 

From 1920 to 1960 Harold Cotes was Managing Director of BG&C. Initially as joint MD with Roger Duncalfe and then in 1929 as the sole MD.

In 1928 he was President of the international association of bone glue manufacturers, EPIDOS.

In September 1957 Harold Cotes became Chairman of BG&C.

In 1961 he was succeeded as Chairman by D N Walton and as MD by Israel H Chayen.

Harold Cotes died in 1974 at the age of 87.

Sir Roger DuncalfeSir Roger Duncalfe (1884-1961)

Born in 1884 at Tettenhall, Staffordshire. Son of Alfred Richard and Sarah Elizabeth Duncalfe, Perton, Wolverhampton. Dir Roger’s dad was a Stafforfshire farmer and his mum, Sarah Elizabeth, was the daughter of Thomas Walker the founder of J & T Walker,

Sir Roger was married in 1912 to Irene Frances Beddall.  He died on April 15th in Poole, Dorset after a distinguished career which included a knighthood in 1951. President of British Standards Organisation 1953-56. President, International Organization for Standardization, 1956–58. Chairman British Glues & Chemicals Ltd, 1946–57 (Director, 1929–46, Joint Managing Director, 1920–29).  Educated at Tettenhall College, Wolverhampton & Nottingham University College. Address, Greystones, Western Avenue, Branksome Park, Bournemouth. Canford Cliffs 78855.

 On June 23rd 1949 The Board of Trade set up a Standardisation Committee to explore the savings in production costs, guarantees for the consumer, obstacles to change and consumer choice. Terms of reference – ‘To consider the organisation and constitution of the British Standards Institution, including its finance, in the light of the increasing importance of standardisation and the extended size and volume of work likely to fall on the B.S.I. in future and to make recommendations’. – Mr Geoffrey Cunliffe agreed to act as Chairman of this Committee, and the BSI promised their warm co-operation in its work. The other members of the Committee were –  – Sir William Palmer, KBE, CB, British Rayon Federation.  – A V Nicolle, The Automotive Engineering Co, Ltd.  – Roger Duncalfe, British Glues & Chemicals, Ltd.  – E P Harries, Trades Union Congress.  – O W Humphreys, General Electric Co, Ltd.  – Sir Ernest Lemon, Chairman of the Ministry of Supply Committee on Engineering Standardisation.

On July 21st 1953 The Ministry of Housing & Local Government set up an Committee on Air Pollution. Terms of reference – ‘To examine the nature, causes and effects of air pollution, and the efficacy of present preventive measures; to consider what further preventive measures are practicable; and to make recommendations’.  – Sir Hugh Beaver, MInstCE, MIChemE (Chairman).  – Miss A D Boyd, BA, FSWHM, Housing Manager, Rotherham County Borough Council.  – Dr J L Burn, DHy, DPH, Medical Officer of Health, Salford County Borough Council.  – S R Dennison, CBE, MA, Fellow of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge.  – Sir Roger Duncalfe, Chairman, British Glues and Chemicals, Ltd; Chairman of the Federation of British Industries Technical Legislation Committee and Vice-President of the Federation of British Industries.  – Professor T Ferguson, MD, DSc, Chair of Public Health and Social Medicine, Glasgow University.  – Dr G E Foxwell. DSc, FInstF, MInstGasE, MIChemE, President, Institute of Fuel.  – Dr R Lessing, PhD, FRIC, FIastF, MIChemE, FInstPet.  – G Nonhebel, BSc, FRIC, FInstF, Imperial Chemical Industries, Limited.  – C J Regan, BSc, FRIC, Chemist in Chief, London County Council.  – Professor O G Sutton, CBE, DSc, FRS, Chairman, Atmospheric Pollution Research Committee.

George E Bates (-)

Educated at The Royal Grammar School High Wycombe from 1948 until 1956. Jesus college, Cambridge (1958-61) after 2 years national service. Joined British Glues & Chemicals Ltd from university and became first company secretary 1961-9. Moved to Croda’s Head Office after company takeover, based in Yorkshire. Appointed a Director of the company in 1971, remaining Director and Secretary until retirement in 1991. One daughter, Eleanor, born in 1970 – married to Mat Chandler who works for Nestle in Bulgaria as their financial controller – they have 2 sons – Theo (6) and Logan (4).

Israel H ChayenIsrael H Chayen (-)

In 1953 I H Chayen and D R Ashworth developed an impulse rendering process. See – ‘The Application of Impulse Rendering to the Animal Fat Industry’ – British Glues & Chemicals Ltd. Imperial House 15-19 Kingsway London, WC2 – ‘The impulse rendering process consists of mechanical rupturing of membranes of fat containing cells by high speed impulses transmitted through the medium of a liquid. It has been developed mainly for degreasing animal by-products in such a way as to preserve the quality of the fat and protein. The degreasing of bone and soft fat is described in detail, and brief reference is made to possible applications in the recovery of oils from fish, fish livers, vegetable fruits and seeds’.

Tony Stroud worked for Israel Chayen and John Bewley, his Production Director, for a couple of years. Israel was remembered as quite an entrepreneurial Managing Director and he was pushing the development of gelatine from chrome leather residues selling to the photographic industry in the UK & US. Tony was based at Bermondsey where the production unit was run by a chap called Blenford, most of the gelatine went to the sweet and jelly factories.

Interestingly, a side business was selling grease from bones to the fish & chip shops in the North of England … in the South they used oil …

Tony also worked with Israel’s newly graduated daughter researching a gelatine & fat free ice cream. Gelatine was used widely in the ice cream business in those days and it was suggested that protein ice cream free from animal ingredients might be popular. Unfortunately the experimental ice cream which was made from grass extract, turned out to be gray … very tasty but unmarketable!

Neville WaltonD Neville Walton (1912-) Mr Tom Walton’s son Mr D N Walton FCA was appointed a director of BG&C in 1950 and became Chairman in 1961. Heresigned after the Croda takeover in 1968.

From The Accountant Vol 157 – 1967 – ‘Mr D N Walton, fca, is a partner in the firms of Walton, Watts & Co, Chartered Accountants, of Manchester, and Thornton Baker & Co, Chartered Accountants, also of Manchester. Born in Hale, Cheshire in 1912, Mr Walton was educated at Haileybury and was articled to his father, the late Mr Tom Walton – who was Vice-President of the Institute from 1938-42 – and to the late Sir Arthur Cutforth, of Deloitte, Plender, Griffiths & Co. He was admitted to membership of the Institute in 1937 and became a partner in Walton Watts & Co in 1946, after service throughout the Second World War in the Royal Artillery in the United Kingdom, the Middle East and Italy. He became a partner in Thomas Baker & Co in 1963. A committee member of the Manchester Society of Chartered Accountants for many years, Mr Walton was President of the Society in 1964. He was also a former President of the Manchester Chartered Accountants Students Society. Outside his interests as an accountant in practice, Mr Walton is chairman of British Glues & Chemicals Ltd and takes an active part in the United Voluntary Organisations of Manchester and Salford’.

Neville Walton was a keen sportsman and excelled at hockey, playing for his local club Bowden and for Cheshire between 1939-61. As a goalkeeper he competed for his place with a playing friend of my father’s, my adopted ‘uncle’, Cyril Harrison from Winnington Park! The Cheshire hockey side in 1953 was great and I remember avidly watching them all on several occasions.


Annual General Meetings

Every year the players reported back to the shareholders some of their trials & errors and successes at the annual general meetings, important occasions for taking stock … there was no place to hide … ‘The Times of London’ was on the case and reported the audited accounts and progress of British Glues & Chemicals throughout the life of the company … a fascinating record now readily available to historians …


Snippets from the Press

1926 rumblings of discontent over capitalisation …

In 1926 BG&C made a loss and the income tax debacle reared its ugly head … a double whammy … leading to the 1928 reconstruction which was nonchalantly reported in the press …

In 1929 the first dividend was reported !

In 1948 the Derby Telegraph reported on the foray of BG&C into Canada … interestingly one of the attractions of BG&C to Croda in 1968 was the Canadian business …

BG&C were heavily promoting ‘Churn Brand’ mineral supplement in 1950 and employed experts like Mr Bond to spread the word … and at the Frome Show in 1957 mr w j masters of Sharpshaw Farm was well pleased …

1952 – ‘British Enterprise’ by Alexander Howard & Ernest Newman described the essence of British Glues & Chemicals as team spirit.

1959 – ‘Time Magazine’ – Science – Mechanical Cow – ‘Millions of mankind are starved for protein in the midst of plenty; protein exists in grass, leaves, and even weeds, but in a form indigestible to human stomachs. Most widely used device for converting protein into edible form is the common cow. But in many tropical areas, where protein starvation is most acute, cows are scarce and do not thrive. Last week, in London’s industrial East End, British Inventor Israel Harris Chayen of British Glues & Chemicals Ltd proudly displayed a climate proof mechanical cow. Chewing its cud with the rumble of a bomber squadron, the 50ft machine briskly chomped up vegetable matter at one end and spewed out at the other edible, nutritious protein in the form of a flour. The central element of the machine is the impulse Tenderer. A stream of water carrying animal or vegetable matter is fed into it. As the water flows through, beaters moving with a linear velocity of 22,000 feet per minute produce a series of shock waves at the rate of 35,000 per minute. These shock waves, travelling through the water, break open the cells in much the way that a depth charge can crack a submarine’s hull, and the cell’s contents – mostly water, protein, and fat or oil – spill out. The slurry is passed through a screen and centrifuge to remove fibrous material and insoluble carbohydrates. Then the protein is separated from the oil by commercial solvents and dried. The result is a white, odourless, tasteless powder, which can be baked into bread or added to almost any food. Two ounces a day is enough to complete a man’s diet, and the cost is only a few cents. The impulse Tenderer is actually more efficient than a cow, since it diverts none of its food to its own uses. One hundred pounds of ordinary freshly cut grass yield 3 to 4 lbs of protein, 8.5 lbs of fibre and ½ lb of syrup containing vitamins, hormones and steroids. The fibre can be made into various sorts of fibre-boards or used for fires in fuel poor countries that burn dried cow dung. Chayen’s machine can also digest ferns, weeds and leaves of jungle trees. In Nigeria, a leading export is peanuts. When oil is extracted from peanuts by normal methods, the residue is a rough oil cake, fit only for animals. But a few of Chayen’s mechanical cows could digest Nigeria’s whole crop, extracting both oil and edible protein. The oil and other by-products could be exported, earning as much money as exporting the peanuts whole, and the protein could be retained to correct Nigeria’s protein-deficient diet. A machine digesting four tons of peanuts per hour would cost only $700,000 and it would supply enough protein for a city of 250,000 people. ‘It is no longer inevitable’ says Chayen, ‘that the majority of the population of this earth should suffer from gross and chronic malnutrition. There is abundant protein for all, growing around them. They now have the means with which to help themselves’.

1961 – BG&C – house magazine – read all about it! Fascinating insights from yesteryear … and an advert from the same year welcoming a new Head Office building at Dorset Farmer Ltd … important customers for ‘Churn’ feeds …

1966 – ‘History of the Modern British Chemical Industry’ by D W F Hardie & J Davidson Pratt described BG&C just prior to the Croda takeover – ‘The firm’s products include glues, gelatines, adhesives, soaps, fertilisers, fats and feeding stuffs. They are also merchanting through O Murray & Co Ltd. Capital employed £4m. Employees 2,000. ABNC member. Berkshire House, 168/173 High Holborn, London WC1.

2007 – ‘The Gelatine Handbook: Theory and Industrial Practice’ by Reinhard Schrieber & Herbert Gareis, traced the history of gelatine manufacture in Great Britain. BG&C developed very successfully and in 1964 was the largest gelatine manufacturer in Europe. From 1949 to 1958 investment in modern bone degreasing plants gave them quality advantages over imported Indian bones. There were associates in Austria, Canada, Netherlands and USA. In 1968 Croda acquired BG&C. The BSE crisis hit Croda and in 2002 the Luton factory was closed and in 2004 Widnes followed.


Coda & Croda.

During 48  years of successful endeavour, an amalgamation of smaller ‘out of date’ companies had proved adept at applying R&D and organisational skills to the development of new specialisations and constantly upgraded products for rapidly changing markets. Two relentless forces eventually defeated an enterprising company. One was the heavy hand of business taxation and price & exchange rate manipulation which slowed investment and growth by diverting resources elsewhere. The other was the inevitable ebbing away of comparative advantage as first agriculture & associated industries lost ground and then by 1968 manufacturing industries were following …

But was it defeat? The values and enterprise embodied in BG&C found a new home in a new company with a similar culture and welcoming global synergies …

On September 18th 1968 ‘British Glues & Chemicals’ was acquired by Croda and Sir Frederick (Freddie) Wood after a hard battle which went on and on but eventually Neville Walton and advisers Hill Samuel secured a good price for a great company. Sir Freddie made it into who’s who and he built a speciality chemicals company which prospered and achieved considerable success.

 

Any corrections and additional information gratefully received contact john p birchall

back to the weaver refining company

friendsofnewarkcemetery@yahoo.co.uk

www.facebook.com/laurencegoffnewark

www.flickr.com/photos/friendsofnewarkcemetery

I believe wholeheartedly in being actively involved with Newark, Notts issues.   http://www.youtube.com/user/laurencegoff …   https://newarkcemeteryuk.wordpress.com/ 

Newark, Nottinghamshire · newarkresidentsviews.wordpress.com

Contact

 Laurence Goff

Chairman

 Friends of Newark Cemetery

Newark Town Hall/Market Place Newark-on-Trent NG24 1DU

Town Hall 01636-680333

http://www.deceasedonline.com/

 Newark Town Council

Newark Town Hall, Market Place, Newark, Nottinghamshire, NG24 1DU.

Nearly 40,000 burial records are available, with a mixture of register scans and computerised records.

Newark Cemetery – Added 7 June 2010

Burials numbered 1 to 37,141 dated 31 December 1856 to 4 March 1997, are available as burial register scans. Subsequent data is only available as full computerised records. Initially, records have been added up to no 39,673 dated 26 March 2010.

01636-681878 {My Home Phone}

Mobile 07794613879

 Laurence Goff Chairman Friends of Newark Cemetery Volunteer

 Our beautiful and historic Newark Cemetery, London Road, Newark, Nottinghamshire for over 150 years since 1856. This memorial website is Laurence Goff personal views, I have put it together and do not represent Newark Town Council . It dedicated to the thousands of  people since 1856.   Having a means of further promoting Newark cemetery, and encouraging interested people to join the tribute.
 

It Will Never Be The Same If You Become A Volunteer at Newark Cemetery. Perhaps the biggest difference that you will make is in you. Volunteering is a life-changing experience. It will provide you with a new outlook and lease on life. You will understand better than most people how you fit into the family history of who is buried in Newark Cemetery since 1856. Make no mistake about it, this is an experience that you won’t want to miss.

“I had the most unbelievable experience for the last nine years. It not hard work but hugely rewarding for me. I met so many great people and learnt so much about the Cemetery environment. An experience I will never forget and recommend to everyone.”

Friends of Newark Cemetery public meeting is being held at Newark Town Hall (Pickin Room).  18th March 2015 arrive for a cuppa at 1:45pm before the start of meeting at 2pm.

 

Laurence Goff

http://www.youtube.com/user/laurencegoff


www.facebook.com/laurencegoffnewark


https://twitter.com/laurencegoff


http://www.flickr.com/photos/laurencegoff/


laurencegoff4newark@yahoo.co.uk

http://www.newarkresidentsviews.wordpress.com/ Friends of Newark Cemetery UK http://friendsofnewarkcemeteryuk.weebly.com 
I attribute and link to sources on the website wherever possible. My direct contact details are displayed on every page of the site. I do not receive payment or services for any reviews or editorial. The views expressed are solely my own, on behalf of Friends Of Newark Cemetery. It dose not reflect the views of Newark Town Council.

Taken by Amateur Photographer Laurencegoff
 Newark Resident since 1997.


Printed and promoted by Laurence Goff Friends Of Newark Cemetery 14 The Osiers Newark Notts NG24 4TP  

 

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2 thoughts on “Quibell’s Buried in Cemetery located in Newark-On-Trent, Nottinghamshire NG24 1SQ since 1873

  1. Madam Newark Mayor 1957 – 1958 Kate Amerlia Quibell
    First woman Councillor 1935 and she was the first Lady Newark Mayor

    Kate Amelia Quibell died on 25 May 1975 at age 91 at St George’s Reteat ,Ditchling Common Sussex. She was the eldest daughter of George Chandler she was born 12th Feb 1884. She moved to Newark from Surrey in 1905. You have 16 names plus one of the Quibell family list I found out I gave Kathleen Mary was not Mayor of Newark. The first woman Councillor in 1935 and Mayor of Newark was Kate Amelia Quibell 1957. Married at age 21 to Ernest Hall, he died at just age 49, and they had three son’s Noel Quibell a Managing Director of grocery and provision firm in Brighton Sussex, Tom who was lecured at Manchester University, Dr Philip Quibell of challey Sussex. After she gave a lifetime of public service to Newark town and county and voluntary work. In 1935 Kate Amerlia Quibell won a by-election Newark Council first woman Councillor. Ten years late she became a County Councillor and Magistrate. In her 8o’s she moved to Sussex and died on 25th May 1975 at age 91 at St George’s Reteat, Ditchling Common Sussex.

    She was not re-turn to Newark and is buried in Sussex.

    I was looking for my great aunt Kate Quibell who wrote a song “Just We Two, You and I”. I have the
    sheet music, but want to find more about her.

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